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The interface of market access and SPS requirements: Lessons from recent ILRI research in Africa


  • Baker, Derek
  • Rich, Karl
  • Gelan, Ayele
  • Okike, Acho
  • Grace, Delia
  • Jabbar, Mohammad A.


ILRI research shows that African countries’ export trade in live and processed animals is mainly constrained by costs of production and (scale-dependent) transactions between producer and foreign consumer. The impact of animal disease is felt more in terms of low productivity and high mortality than through costs of SPS compliance. ILRI’s in-depth whole-chain studies identified cost items and market actor behaviors that contribute to poor export performance. Costly and ineffective drug delivery systems in Somalia, high feed costs in Ethiopia, high transport costs in East Africa, and high marketing costs and lack of information in West Africa, were common culprits.

Suggested Citation

  • Baker, Derek & Rich, Karl & Gelan, Ayele & Okike, Acho & Grace, Delia & Jabbar, Mohammad A., 2011. "The interface of market access and SPS requirements: Lessons from recent ILRI research in Africa," Research Reports 181864, International Livestock Research Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ilrirr:181864
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.181864

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Karl M. Rich & Brian D. Perry, 2011. "Whither Commodity‐based Trade?," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 29(3), pages 331-357, May.
    2. Rich, Karl M. & Perry, Brian D. & Kaitibie, Simeon, 2009. "Commodity-based Trade and Market Access for Developing Country Livestock Products: The Case of Beef Exports from Ethiopia," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, vol. 12(3), pages 1-22, September.
    3. Mugunieri, Lawrence & Costagli, Riccardo & Osman, I O & Oyieke, S O & Jabbar, Mohammad A. & Negassa, Asfaw & Omore, Amos, 2008. "A Rapid Appraisal of Institutions Supporting Somali Livestock Export," Research Reports 181768, International Livestock Research Institute.
    4. Negassa, A. & Costalgi, R. & Metete, G. & Jabbar, Mohammad A. & Oyieke, S. O. & Abdulle, M. H. & Omore, A., 2008. "Towards Improving Livestock Export Marketing Support Services in the Somali Context: Survey Findings and Implications," Research Reports 181761, International Livestock Research Institute.
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