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Explaining The Health Check:The Budget, Wto, And Multifunctional Policy Paradigm Revisited


  • Daugbjerg, Carsten
  • Swinbank, Alan


Three potential explanations of past CAP reforms have been identified in the literature: a budget constraint, pressure from GATT/WTO negotiations or commitments, and a paradigm shift emphasising agriculture’s provision of public goods. The presentation, content and context of the Health Check reform proposals of 2007/08 are assessed. The proposals are probably more ambitious than first supposed. The Health Check was not primarily driven by budget pressures; the European Commission’s wish to adopt an offensive negotiating stance in the closing phases of the Doha Round was a more likely explanatory factor. The EU’s response to the commodity price spikes in 2008, and its Health Check proposals, suggest that the supposed switch from a state-assisted policy paradigm to the multifunctional paradigm is more apparent than real. The shape and purpose of the CAP post- 2013 is contested, with quite divergent views among the Member States

Suggested Citation

  • Daugbjerg, Carsten & Swinbank, Alan, 2008. "Explaining The Health Check:The Budget, Wto, And Multifunctional Policy Paradigm Revisited," 109th Seminar, November 20-21, 2008, Viterbo, Italy 44818, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa109:44818

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carsten Daugbjerg, 1999. "Reforming the CAP: Policy Networks and Broader Institutional Structures," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(3), pages 407-428, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jokinen, Pekka & Aakkula, Jyrki & Kroger, Laura, 6. "Multifunctionality and policy learning in the finnish agri-environmental policy subsystem: A multilevel governance perspective," Rural Areas and Development, European Rural Development Network, vol. 6.
    2. Czyżewski, Andrzej & Grochowska, Reanata & Józwiak, Wojciech & Kosior, Katarzyna & Kułyk, Piotr & Mirkowska, Zofia, 2014. "Development trends in agricultural sector and policies − challenges for the future (Synthesis)," Multiannual Program Reports 206066, Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics - National Research Institute (IAFE-NRI).

    More about this item


    Health Check; CAP Reform; WTO; Doha; paradigm change; multifunctional; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F13; Q17; Q18;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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