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The Economics Of A Stock Pollutant: Aldicarb On Long Island

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  • Conrad, Jon M.
  • Olson, Lars J.

Abstract

A stock pollutant is a residual waste that can accumulate or degrade over time. Aldicarb was a pesticide used by farmers growing fruit and vegetables. Potato growers on eastern Long Island, New York, used aldicarb from 1975 to 1979 to control the Colorado potato beetle and the golden nematode. In August of 1979 aldicarb residues were detected in well water, and subsequent testing found more than 2,000 wells with concentrations in excess of the New York State health standard of 7 parts per billion (ppb). Aldicarb was banned from use on Long Island after 1979. In this paper we develop a dynamic model of a stock pollutant. The model is calibrated for aldicarb on eastern Long Island and steady-state solutions for static profit-maximizing rate and the maximization of discounted net benefits (welfare}are estimated. The New York State health standard of 7 ppb is associated with a pesticide application rate less than one-tenth the profit-maximizing rate and it contamination at about $1.5 million. Simulations indicate that the average concentration of aldicarb is not expected to decline below 7 ppb until 1996.

Suggested Citation

  • Conrad, Jon M. & Olson, Lars J., 1990. "The Economics Of A Stock Pollutant: Aldicarb On Long Island," Working Papers 6328, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:cudawp:6328
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Toman & Karen Palmer, 1997. "How should an accumulative toxic substance be banned?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 9(1), pages 83-102, January.
    2. Knapp, Keith C. & Franklin, Bradley, 2012. "Sustainability Economics of Groundwater Usage and Management," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124959, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Conrad, Klaus, 2001. "The Optimal Path of Energy and CO2 Taxes for Intertemporal Resource Allocation," Discussion Papers 602, Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre.
    4. Knapp, Keith C. & Baerenklau, Kenneth A., 2006. "Ground Water Quantity and Quality Management: Agricultural Production and Aquifer Salinization over Long Time Scales," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 31(03), December.
    5. Toman, Michael A. & Withagen, Cees, 2000. "Accumulative pollution, "clean technology," and policy design," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 367-384, October.
    6. Nkonya, Ephraim M. & Featherstone, Allen M., 2000. "Determining Socially Optimal Nitrogen Application Rates Using A Delayed Response Model: The Case Of Irrigated Corn In Western Kansas," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 25(02), December.
    7. Olli Tahvonen, 1995. "Dynamics of pollution control when damage is sensitive to the rate of pollution accumulation," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 5(1), pages 9-27, January.
    8. Poe, Gregory, 1997. ""Maximizing the Environmental Benefits per Dollar Expended" An Economic Interpretation and Review of Agricultural Environmental Benefits and Costs," EB Series 186405, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    9. Easter, K. William & Yadav, Satya N., 1995. "OPTIMUM NITROGEN USE UNDER GROUNDWATER POLLUTION CONSTRAINTS; Proceedings of the 4th Minnesota Padova Conference on Food, Agriculture, and the Environment, September 4-10, 1994, Wayzata, MN," Working Papers 14474, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.

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