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Carbon Trading with Blockchain

In: Mathematical Research for Blockchain Economy


  • Andreas Richardson

    (Imperial College London
    École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne)

  • Jiahua Xu

    (University College London, Centre for Blockchain Technologies
    École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne)


Blockchain has the potential to accelerate the worldwide deployment of an emissions trading system (ETS) and improve the efficiency of existing systems. In this paper, we present a model for a permissioned blockchain implementation based on the successful European Union (EU) ETS and discuss its potential advantages over existing technology. The proposed ETS model is both backward compatible and future-proof, characterised by interconnectedness, transparency, tamper-resistance and continuous liquidity. Further, we identify key challenges to implementation of blockchain in ETS, as well as areas of future work required to enable a fully decentralised blockchain-based ETS.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Richardson & Jiahua Xu, 2020. "Carbon Trading with Blockchain," Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics, in: Panos Pardalos & Ilias Kotsireas & Yike Guo & William Knottenbelt (ed.), Mathematical Research for Blockchain Economy, pages 105-124, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:prbchp:978-3-030-53356-4_7
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-53356-4_7

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    Cited by:

    1. Hua, Weiqi & Chen, Ying & Qadrdan, Meysam & Jiang, Jing & Sun, Hongjian & Wu, Jianzhong, 2022. "Applications of blockchain and artificial intelligence technologies for enabling prosumers in smart grids: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 161(C).
    2. Jiahua Xu & Krzysztof Paruch & Simon Cousaert & Yebo Feng, 2021. "SoK: Decentralized Exchanges (DEX) with Automated Market Maker (AMM) Protocols," Papers 2103.12732,, revised Dec 2022.


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