IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this book chapter

Hardiness and Depression Among Secondary School Teachers


  • Ana Erbežnik Filipovic

    (University of Primorska)

  • Ana Arzenšek

    (University of Primorska)


Hardiness is a personality trait that allows an individual to better cope with stressful situations and allows them opportunity for personal growth. Individuals with high levels of hardiness better cope with stress at work, which is reflected in the less pronounced depression. The research was conducted to gain insight into prevalence of depression among secondary school teachers and whether there is a link between hardiness and depression. The sample consisted of 240 teachers employed in secondary schools in Slovenia. The results showed that the constructs of hardiness and depression are positively related. Hardiness construct is a protective factor at work that can prevent problems associated with depressed mood.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Erbežnik Filipovic & Ana Arzenšek, 2020. "Hardiness and Depression Among Secondary School Teachers," MIC 2020: The 20th Management International Conference,, University of Primorska Press.
  • Handle: RePEc:prp:micp20:133-143

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: full text
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Monia Vagni & Tiziana Maiorano & Valeria Giostra & Daniela Pajardi, 2020. "Hardiness, Stress and Secondary Trauma in Italian Healthcare and Emergency Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(14), pages 1-16, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Haobin Fan & Xuanyi Nie, 2020. "Impacts of Layoffs and Government Assistance on Mental Health during COVID-19: An Evidence-Based Study of the United States," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(18), pages 1-23, September.
    2. Lorenzo Bruno Prataviera & Alessandro Creazza & Marco Melacini & Fabrizio Dallari, 2022. "Heading for Tomorrow: Resilience Strategies for Post-COVID-19 Grocery Supply Chains," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(4), pages 1-17, February.
    3. Jacques Bughin & Michele Cincera & Dorota Reykowska & Marcin Zyszkiewicz & Rafal Ohme, 2020. "The Great Employee Divide: Clustering Employee « Well-being » Challenge during Covid-19," Working Papers TIMES² 2020-41, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    4. Monia Vagni & Valeria Giostra & Tiziana Maiorano & Giuliano Santaniello & Daniela Pajardi, 2020. "Personal Accomplishment and Hardiness in Reducing Emergency Stress and Burnout among COVID-19 Emergency Workers," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(21), pages 1-18, October.
    5. Tiziana Ramaci & Stefano Pagliaro & Manuel Teresi & Massimiliano Barattucci, 2021. "Job Demands and Negative Outcomes after the Lockdown: The Moderating Role of Stigma towards Italian Supermarket Workers," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(13), pages 1-14, July.
    6. M. Ángeles López-Cabarcos & Analía López-Carballeira & Carlos Ferro-Soto, 2020. "New Ways of Working and Public Healthcare Professionals’ Well-Being: The Response to Face the COVID-19 Pandemic," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(19), pages 1-9, September.
    7. Francisco Manuel Morales-Rodríguez, 2021. "Fear, Stress, Resilience and Coping Strategies during COVID-19 in Spanish University Students," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(11), pages 1-19, May.
    8. Tiziana Maiorano & Monia Vagni & Valeria Giostra & Daniela Pajardi, 2020. "COVID-19: Risk Factors and Protective Role of Resilience and Coping Strategies for Emergency Stress and Secondary Trauma in Medical Staff and Emergency Workers—An Online-Based Inquiry," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(21), pages 1-18, October.
    9. Misato Uehara & Makoto Fujii & Kazuki Kobayashi, 2021. "A Model of Stress Change under the First COVID-19 Pandemic among the General Public in Japanese Major Cities and Rural Areas," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(3), pages 1-17, January.
    10. Samuel Ken-En Gan & Sibyl Weang-Yi Wong & Peng-De Jiao, 2023. "Religiosity, Theism, Perceived Social Support, Resilience, and Well-Being of University Undergraduate Students in Singapore during the COVID-19 Pandemic," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 20(4), pages 1-16, February.
    11. Jessica Burrai & Alessandro Quaglieri & Umberto Aitella & Clarissa Cricenti & Ivan D’Alessio & Alessandra Pizzo & Giulia Lausi & Anna Maria Giannini & Emanuela Mari, 2022. "The Fear of COVID-19: Gender Differences among Italian Health Volunteers," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(11), pages 1-18, May.
    12. Claudia Carmassi & Valerio Dell’Oste & Filippo Maria Barberi & Carlo Antonio Bertelloni & Virginia Pedrinelli & Liliana Dell’Osso, 2022. "Mental Health Symptoms among General Practitioners Facing the Acute Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Detecting Different Reaction Groups," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(7), pages 1-14, March.
    13. Teresa Peiró & Laura Lorente & María Vera, 2020. "The COVID-19 Crisis: Skills That Are Paramount to Build into Nursing Programs for Future Global Health Crisis," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 17(18), pages 1-14, September.
    14. Marco Castiglioni & Cristina Liviana Caldiroli & Attà Negri & Gian Mauro Manzoni & Rossella Procaccia, 2023. "Linguistic Predictors of Psychological Adjustment in Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 20(5), pages 1-18, March.
    15. Beata Dziedzic & Ewa Kobos & Zofia Sienkiewicz & Anna Idzik, 2022. "Mental Health of Nurses during the Fourth Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(3), pages 1-12, February.
    16. Samuele Baldassini Rodriguez & Yari Bardacci & Khadija El Aoufy & Marco Bazzini & Christian Caruso & Gian Domenico Giusti & Andrea Mezzetti & Stefano Bambi & Andrea Guazzini & Laura Rasero, 2022. "Promoting and Risk Factors of Nurses’ Hardiness Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results from an Italian Cohort," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(3), pages 1-22, January.
    17. Misato Uehara & Makoto Fujii & Kazuki Kobayashi & Yasuto Hayashi & Yuki Arai, 2021. "Common Factors of Stress Change under the First COVID-19 Outbreak as Observed in Four Global Cities," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(11), pages 1-19, May.
    18. Roberto Burro & Alessandra Fermani & Ramona Bongelli & Ilaria Riccioni & Morena Muzi & Alessia Bertolazzi & Carla Canestrari, 2022. "The Robust Italian Validation of the Coping Humor Scale (RI-CHS) for Adult Health Care Workers," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(5), pages 1-16, February.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prp:micp20:133-143. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Alen Jezovnik (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.