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Canada and High-Skill Emigration to the United States: Way Station or Farm System?

In: Small Differences II: Public Policies in Canada and the United States


  • Ana Damas De Matos
  • Daniel Parent


We show that, on the basis of the initial-screening point system used in Canada, immigrants who subsequently move to the United States are more highly educated than their counterparts from the same source countries in the United States and have much better outcomes. High-skill immigrants who transit through Canada before moving to the United States do so fairly early after arrival, and they represent a substantial share of the population of young, highly educated immigrants in Canada. Thus, Canada is best seen as a transitory destination rather than as a training ground for later emigration to the United States.
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Suggested Citation

  • Ana Damas De Matos & Daniel Parent, 2016. "Canada and High-Skill Emigration to the United States: Way Station or Farm System?," NBER Chapters, in: Small Differences II: Public Policies in Canada and the United States, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:13976

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    Cited by:

    1. Dostie, Benoit & Li, Jiang & Card, David & Parent, Daniel, 2023. "Employer policies and the immigrant–native earnings gap," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 233(2), pages 544-567.
    2. Anthony Edo & Lionel Ragot & Hillel Rapoport & Sulin Sardoschau & Andreas Steinmayr & Arthur Sweetman, 2020. "An introduction to the economics of immigration in OECD countries," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 53(4), pages 1365-1403, November.
    3. Jérôme Adda & Christian Dustmann & Joseph-Simon Görlach, 2022. "The Dynamics of Return Migration, Human Capital Accumulation, and Wage Assimilation [Immigration and Spatial Equilibrium: The Role of Expenditures in the Country of Origin]," The Review of Economic Studies, Review of Economic Studies Ltd, vol. 89(6), pages 2841-2871.

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