Regional Development in Þanlýurfa Province, the Center of South Eastern Anatolian Project (GAP): Key Sector Analysis
In: Proceedings of the Conference on Emerging Economic Issues in a Globalizing World
The challenges facing Þanlýurfa are not unique, they are the same challenges found in rural areas all around the world. Agriculture is still the most important sector in Þanlýurfa, but it is generating fewer and fewer jobs. New approaches used in regional development shift from a focus on individual sectors (such as agriculture policy) to one based on a comprehensive multisectoral approach in which agriculture is conceived as one component sector of a comprehensive regional development policy. Within this framework, there are two major aims of this study. The first aim is to identify the high point sectors (key industries) by using LQ analysis in Þanlýurfa province and 11 districts. The analysis encompasses all sectors of industry and services thus excluding agriculture. On the other hand the economy of Þanlýurfa, endowed with very rich arable land resources and irrigation facilities, thanks to GAP-(South Eastern Anatolian Project), is mainly based on agriculture. Accordingly the second aim of this paper is to analyze the development potentials of “clusters of agro-industries based on organic agriculture products” in the region. The findings of the analysis reveal that the key sectors identified in industry and services (food and textiles industries and retail and wholesale of food stuff) provide inputs from the main agricultural products in the region. On the other hand considering the availability of land and other facilities for organic agricultural products the findings of the study strongly supports development of “clusters of organic - agro industries” in Þanlýurfa Region.
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