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Agricultural Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean and Sources of Growth


  • Dias Avila, Antonio Flavio
  • Romano, Luis
  • Garagorry, Fernando


Agricultural productivity in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries between 1961 and 2001 increased due to market regulation, economic openness, and estate reduction. In the six major sections of this chapter, we analyze the evolution of this productivity as well as the output and input growth for the agricultural and livestock sectors. We look closely at economic indicators related to food demand and population growth as well as total factor productivity growth for the region, with an emphasis on the Brazilian and Colombian agricultural sectors. We also discuss some sources of productivity growth, highlighting agricultural research, rural extension, schooling, and nutrition, and ultimately review income improvement and poverty reduction studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Dias Avila, Antonio Flavio & Romano, Luis & Garagorry, Fernando, 2010. "Agricultural Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean and Sources of Growth," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Elsevier.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:hagchp:6-71

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    Cited by:

    1. Mueller, Bernardo & Mueller, Charles, 2016. "The political economy of the Brazilian model of agricultural development: Institutions versus sectoral policy," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 12-20.
    2. Jackeline Velazco & Vicente Pinilla, 2017. "Development models, agricultural policies, and agricultural growth: Peru, 1950-2010," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad EspaƱola de Historia Agraria 1704, Sociedad EspaƱola de Historia Agraria.
    3. repec:col:000411:015718 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    agricultural productivity; food demand; population growth; poverty reduction;

    JEL classification:

    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • J43 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Agricultural Labor Markets
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination


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