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Tourism and sustainable development: an analysis of policy and guidelines for managing provision and consumption


  • Richard Welford
  • Bjarne Ytterhus

    (Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Management, Norway)

  • Jason Eligh

    (Centre for Corporate Environmental Management, University of Huddersfield, UK)


This paper reviews some of the literature and guidance provided for businesses considering responses to the environmental aspects and impacts of their tourist activities. It concentrates on the role of individual business organizations within the tourism industry and examines both supply-side (production) and demand-side (consumption) policies. In its review of a number of guidelines the paper attempts to make recommendations for improving both the provision of tourism services through supply chain management and destination management, and the education of the consumer in ways which make tourism more consistent with the concept of sustainable development. This emphasizes the need for businesses involved in tourism provision not only to look at the supply side and the demand side of their activities but also to provide stronger signals between the two parts so that more meaningful progress is made towards sustainable tourism. It places considerable emphasis on the role of intermediaries in bridging the gap between demand and supply. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Welford & Bjarne Ytterhus & Jason Eligh, 1999. "Tourism and sustainable development: an analysis of policy and guidelines for managing provision and consumption," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(4), pages 165-177.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:sustdv:v:7:y:1999:i:4:p:165-177 DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1719(199911)7:4<165::AID-SD117>3.0.CO;2-F

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1995. "Economic Growth and the Environment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(2), pages 353-377.
    2. Taylor, Lance, 1996. "Sustainable development: An introduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 215-225, February.
    3. Stern, David I. & Common, Michael S. & Barbier, Edward B., 1996. "Economic growth and environmental degradation: The environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1151-1160, July.
    4. Munasinghe, Mohan, 1995. "Making economic growth more sustainable," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 121-124, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Albert Achudume, 2009. "Environmental health, development and economic empowerment of rural women in Nigeria," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 459-469, April.
    2. Seldjan Timur & Donald Getz, 2009. "Sustainable tourism development: how do destination stakeholders perceive sustainable urban tourism?," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(4), pages 220-232.
    3. Nevin Akpinar & İlkden Talay & Coşkun Ceylan & Sultan Gündüz, 2005. "Rural women and agrotourism in the context of sustainable rural development: A case study from Turkey," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 473-486, January.
    4. Jason Eligh & Richard Welford & Bjarne Ytterhus, 2002. "The production of sustainable tourism: concepts and examples from Norway," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 223-234.
    5. Calum Macleod & Rune Todnem By, 2007. "Performance, conformance and change: towards a sustainable tourism strategy for Scotland," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(6), pages 329-342.

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