IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The design of decentralised demand-driven programmes and equity: Learning from implementation in Malawi councils


  • Arild Schou

    (Buskerud University College, Kongsberg, Norway)

  • Maxton Tsoka

    (University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi)


This paper analyses demand-driven development programmes and spatial equality. If focuses on two programme design aspects that are assumed to have a bearing on equality: the degree to which they are demand-driven and the degree to which they are integrated in to local councils' operations. The lesson from Malawi is that the demand-driven logic matters; the most demand-driven programme had the most unequal spatial sharing of benefits among sub-district units. The level of integration, however, was less significant. Because of weak downwards accountability there was no more equality concern in the most integrated programmes than in the loosely integrated one. These findings illustrate that equality improvement depends on not only design factors but on the accountability of the programmes to the wider community. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Arild Schou & Maxton Tsoka, 2010. "The design of decentralised demand-driven programmes and equity: Learning from implementation in Malawi councils," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(5), pages 541-555.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:22:y:2010:i:5:p:541-555
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1581

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Link to full text; subscription required
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Matin, Imran & Hulme, David, 2003. "Programs for the Poorest: Learning from the IGVGD Program in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 647-665, March.
    2. Conning, Jonathan & Kevane, Michael, 2002. "Community-Based Targeting Mechanisms for Social Safety Nets: A Critical Review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 375-394, March.
    3. Fritzen, Scott A., 2007. "Can the Design of Community-Driven Development Reduce the Risk of Elite Capture? Evidence from Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1359-1375, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Sam Barrett, 2015. "Subnational Adaptation Finance Allocation: Comparing Decentralized and Devolved Political Institutions in Kenya," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 15(3), pages 118-139, August.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:22:y:2010:i:5:p:541-555. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.