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The design of decentralised demand-driven programmes and equity: Learning from implementation in Malawi councils

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  • Arild Schou

    (Buskerud University College, Kongsberg, Norway)

  • Maxton Tsoka

    (University of Malawi, Zomba, Malawi)

Abstract

This paper analyses demand-driven development programmes and spatial equality. If focuses on two programme design aspects that are assumed to have a bearing on equality: the degree to which they are demand-driven and the degree to which they are integrated in to local councils' operations. The lesson from Malawi is that the demand-driven logic matters; the most demand-driven programme had the most unequal spatial sharing of benefits among sub-district units. The level of integration, however, was less significant. Because of weak downwards accountability there was no more equality concern in the most integrated programmes than in the loosely integrated one. These findings illustrate that equality improvement depends on not only design factors but on the accountability of the programmes to the wider community. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Arild Schou & Maxton Tsoka, 2010. "The design of decentralised demand-driven programmes and equity: Learning from implementation in Malawi councils," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(5), pages 541-555.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:22:y:2010:i:5:p:541-555
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1581
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/jid.1581
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Matin, Imran & Hulme, David, 2003. "Programs for the Poorest: Learning from the IGVGD Program in Bangladesh," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 647-665, March.
    2. Conning, Jonathan & Kevane, Michael, 2002. "Community-Based Targeting Mechanisms for Social Safety Nets: A Critical Review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 375-394, March.
    3. Fritzen, Scott A., 2007. "Can the Design of Community-Driven Development Reduce the Risk of Elite Capture? Evidence from Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1359-1375, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sam Barrett, 2015. "Subnational Adaptation Finance Allocation: Comparing Decentralized and Devolved Political Institutions in Kenya," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 15(3), pages 118-139, August.

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