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Reducing landslide risk in areas of unplanned housing in the Caribbean-a Government-Community partnership model

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  • Malcolm Anderson

    (School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK)

  • Liz Holcombe

    (School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK)

  • Donovan Williams

    (Poverty Reduction Fund, Castries, St. Lucia, West Indies)

Abstract

Unplanned housing developments in vulnerable communities on steep tropical and subtropical hillslopes in many developing countries pose major problems for the residents themselves; for Governments, in terms of potential relocation costs; for engineers in determining the precise nature of the hazard and risk; and for donor agencies, such as the World Bank, in establishing the form of disaster mitigation policies that should be promoted. We present a new low-cost, community-based approach to landslide risk reduction in such a context. It is founded on the vision that there is often sufficient capacity within Governments to address such landslide issues without needing to incur significant additional costs by employing non-Government specialist staff. Such expenditure adds to debt and only suboptimally builds within-country capacity. The approach we present develops a cross-ministry Government management team, implements a community-based approach to landslide risk assessment, develops low-cost interventions through the social intervention fund and builds capacity through community knowledge transfer. We report on the successful pilot undertaken in the Skate Town community, Castries, St. Lucia, West Indies. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Malcolm Anderson & Liz Holcombe & Donovan Williams, 2007. "Reducing landslide risk in areas of unplanned housing in the Caribbean-a Government-Community partnership model," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(2), pages 205-221.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:19:y:2007:i:2:p:205-221
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1336
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Linda Mayoux & Sarah Mosedale, 2005. "Impact assessment for pro-poor accountability: Innovations and challenges," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(2), pages 187-193.
    2. Ilan Kapoor, 2004. "Donor participatory governance evaluation: initial trends, implications, opportunities, constraints," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(2), pages 157-170.
    3. Graham Bird, 2004. "Growth, poverty and the IMF," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(4), pages 621-636.
    4. Monique Cohen & Michael J. Mccord & Jennefer Sebstad, 2005. "Reducing vulnerability: demand for and supply of microinsurance in East Africa," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(3), pages 319-325.
    5. Hulme, David, 2000. "Impact Assessment Methodologies for Microfinance: Theory, Experience and Better Practice," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 79-98, January.
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