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GIS-based Approach to Estimate Surface Runoff in Small Catchments: A Case Study

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  • Vojtek Matej

    ()

  • Vojteková Jana

    (Department of Geography and Regional Development, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Slovakia)

Abstract

The issue of surface runoff assessment is one of the important and relevant topics of hydrological as well as geographical research. The aim of the paper is therefore to estimate and assess surface runoff on the example of Vyčoma catchment which is located in the Western Slovakia. For this purpose, SCS runoff curve number method, modeling in GIS and remote sensing were used. An important task was the creation of a digital elevation model (DEM), which enters the surface runoff modeling and affects its accuracy. Great attention was paid to the spatial interpretation of land use categories applying aerial imagery from 2013 and hydrological soil groups as well as calculation of maximum daily rainfall with N-year return periods as partial tasks in estimating surface runoff. From the methodological point of view, the importance of the paper can be seen in the use of a simple GIS-based approach to assess the surface runoff conditions in a small catchment.

Suggested Citation

  • Vojtek Matej & Vojteková Jana, 2016. "GIS-based Approach to Estimate Surface Runoff in Small Catchments: A Case Study," Quaestiones Geographicae, De Gruyter Open, vol. 35(3), pages 97-116, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:quageo:v:35:y:2016:i:3:p:97-116:n:9
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