Evolution of the U.S. Natural Gas Industry in Response to Changes in Transaction Costs
The U.S. natural gas industry traditionally had producers, interstate pipelines, and distributors linked together via bilateral, long-term contracts. Recently the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has encouraged buyers and sellers to deal directly with each other, leading first to a spot market and marketers, then to market hubs and a slight trend back to longer-term contracts. Marketers and pipelines have consolidated to take advantage of economies of scope and systems effects which larger networks provide. We use transaction cost economics to explain the evolution of exchange relationships with open access to transportation and the unbundling of transportation and storage from sales.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:uwp:landec:v:74:y:1998:i:3:p:390-408. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.