Performance Incentives with Award Constraints
This paper studies the provision of incentives in a large government organization that is divided into independent pools of agencies. Each pool distributes performance awards to the agencies it supervises, subject to two constraints: the awards cannot be negative and the sum of the awards cannot exceed a fixed budget. The theory shows that the constraints on the award distribution bind for pools that are heterogeneous enough, resulting in inefficiencies. The empirical analysis presents conflicting evidence in light of the theory. A possible explanation is that the award designers may have additional objectives in addition to effort maximization.
References listed on IDEAS
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- Edward P. Lazear, 1996.
"Performance Pay and Productivity,"
NBER Working Papers
5672, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Edward P. Lazear & Sherwin Rosen, 1979.
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NBER Working Papers
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- Demski, Joel S. & Sappington, David E. M. & Spiller, Pablo T., 1988. "Incentive schemes with multiple agents and bankruptcy constraints," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 156-167, February.
- Heckman, James J & Heinrich, Carolyn & Smith, Jeffrey, 1997. "Assessing the Performance of Performance Standards in Public Bureaucracies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 389-95, May.
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