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How Unequally Has Equal Pay Progressed since the 1970s? A Study of Two British Cohorts

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  • Gerald Makepeace
  • Pierella Paci
  • Heather Joshi
  • Peter Dolton

Abstract

This paper compares the gender gap in the pay of British, full-time workers from two cohorts, born in 1946 and 1958 and observed in their early thirties in 1978 and 1991 respectively. These dates are separated by 13 years of Equal Pay Legislation coupled with active labor market deregulation. Although women's human capital endowments had improved on average more than men's, there may have been little improvement in the differential treatment of the average woman in full-time employment. When the whole distribution of female earnings was considered, a general improvement in the treatment of women became apparent.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerald Makepeace & Pierella Paci & Heather Joshi & Peter Dolton, 1999. "How Unequally Has Equal Pay Progressed since the 1970s? A Study of Two British Cohorts," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(3), pages 534-556.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:34:y:1999:i:3:p:534-556
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    2. repec:eee:eecrev:v:109:y:2018:i:c:p:257-274 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Cozzi, Guido & Galli, Silvia & Mantovan, Noemi, 2018. "Will a shrink make you richer? Gender differences in the effects of psychotherapy on labour efficiency," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 257-274.
    4. Cihan Bilginsoy, 2013. "Union Wage Gap in the U.S. Construction Sector: 1983–2007," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(3), pages 677-701, July.
    5. Sadat Reza & Paul Rilstone, 2016. "Semiparametric Efficiency Bounds and Efficient Estimation of Discrete Duration Models with Unspecified Hazard Rate," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(5), pages 693-726, May.
    6. Owen O’Donnell & Eddy van Doorslaer & Adam Wagstaff, 2012. "Decomposition of Inequalities in Health and Health Care," Chapters, in: Andrew M. Jones (ed.), The Elgar Companion to Health Economics, Second Edition, chapter 17, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. David J. Harding & Christopher Winship, 2016. "Population Growth, Migration, and Changes in the Racial Differential in Imprisonment in the United States, 1940–1980," Social Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 1-37, July.

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