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Technical Efficiency and U.S. Manufacturing Productivity Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Jeffrey I. Bernstein

    (Carleton University and NBER)

  • Theofanis P. Mamuneas

    (University of Leicester and University of Cyprus)

  • Panos Pashardes

    (University of Cyprus)

Abstract

This paper establishes that new inputs increase technical efficiency levels for U.S. manufacturing. Over the period 1950-1998, intermediate inputs exhibited higher rates of efficiency growth than labor and capital. Efficiency-adjusted productivity growth annually averaged 0.4 percentage points above measured growth. The gap between efficiency-adjusted and measured productivity growth arises from aggregating inputs using observed, and not efficiency-adjusted, cost share weights in the calculation of measured growth. Specifically, the decline in efficiency-adjusted material cost shares, compared to the measured shares, coupled with the comparatively high material input growth rate, was the main source of the productivity gap. 2004 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation

  • Jeffrey I. Bernstein & Theofanis P. Mamuneas & Panos Pashardes, 2004. "Technical Efficiency and U.S. Manufacturing Productivity Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 402-412, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:86:y:2004:i:1:p:402-412
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jeffrey Bernstein & Theofanis Mamuneas, 2008. "Public infrastructure, input efficiency and productivity growth in the Canadian food processing industry," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 1-13, February.
    2. Supawat Rungsuriyawiboon & Spiro Stefanou, 2008. "The dynamics of efficiency and productivity growth in U.S. electric utilities," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 177-190, December.
    3. Bernstein Jeffrey I. & Mamuneas Theofanis P., 2007. "Irreversible Investment, Capital Costs and Productivity Growth: Implications for Telecommunications," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(3), pages 1-22, September.
    4. Elena Ketteni & Theofanis Mamuneas & Panos Pashardes, 2013. "ICT and Energy Use: Patterns of Substitutability and Complementarity in Production," Cyprus Economic Policy Review, University of Cyprus, Economics Research Centre, vol. 7(1), pages 63-86, June.
    5. Bernstein, Jeffrey I. & Mamuneas, Theofanis P., 2006. "R&D depreciation, stocks, user costs and productivity growth for US R&D intensive industries," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 70-98, January.

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