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Child Labor and Schooling in A Globalizing World: Some Evidence from Urban India

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  • Eric V. Edmonds
  • Nina Pavcnik
  • Petia Topalova

Abstract

Trade influences child time allocation in developing countries through its effects on the returns to education, labor demand, and poverty. We examine how India's dramatic 1991 trade liberalization influenced child labor and schooling in urban areas of India that differ in the extent to which employment lost tariff protection. In general, urban India experienced large increases in schooling and decreases in child labor over the 1990s. We find that these improvements are attenuated in Indian cities where employment experienced larger reductions in tariff protection. Girls are particularly affected. We argue that the observed changes in child time allocation are consistent with differential declines in poverty across regions, but changes in the economic opportunities of children might also play a role in our findings. (JEL: F15, F16) (c) 2009 by the European Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric V. Edmonds & Nina Pavcnik & Petia Topalova, 2009. "Child Labor and Schooling in A Globalizing World: Some Evidence from Urban India," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(2-3), pages 498-507, 04-05.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:jeurec:v:7:y:2009:i:2-3:p:498-507
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gu, Grace Weishi & Malik, Samreen & Pozzoli, Dario & Rocha, Vera, 2016. "Trade Induced Skill Upgrading: Lessons from the Danish and Portuguese Experiences," IZA Discussion Papers 10035, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Majlesi, Kaveh, 2014. "Demand for Low-Skilled Labor and Parental Investment in Children's Education: Evidence from Mexico," Working Papers 2014:5, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    3. repec:eee:inecon:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:165-183 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:inecon:v:109:y:2017:i:c:p:138-152 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Blanchard, Emily & Willmann, Gerald, 2016. "Trade, education, and the shrinking middle class," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 263-278.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions

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