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Regional Social Capital: Why it Matters

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  • Edward J. Malecki

Abstract

Malecki E. J. Regional social capital: why it matters, Regional Studies . Social capital refers to a culture of interaction among people, with productive economic outcomes. Social capital promotes regional learning both within a region and beyond, as it reinforces openness to the ideas of others. Regional cultures vary in the degree to which people -- individually and within their organizations -- trust and interact with one another, which is why regional outcomes vary. Innovation, learning and entrepreneurship -- key processes of regional development -- take place largely within and among people as members of companies and territorial organizations. Innovative milieus, industrial districts and knowledge economies are among the regions with extraordinary pools of social capital. Malecki E. J. 区域社会资本:有何相关性,区域研究。社会资本指一种人与人之间互动的文化,同 时产生生产性经济结果。由于强化了人与人之间理念的互通,社会资本能够促进区域 内外的区域性学习。不同个体之间及其组织间的信任与互动程度存在不同程度的差异 , 这正是不同区域存在差异的原因。 作为区域发展中的核心过程,创新、学习以及公司多出现在公司以及领域性组织成员 内部及相互之间。创新、产业区以及知识经济往往存在于拥有突出社会资本的区域。 社会资本 学习型区域 创新 学习 Malecki E. J. L'importance du capital social régional, Regional Studies . Le capital social se rapporte à une culture d'interaction humaine, dont les résultats économiques s'avèrent productifs. Le capital social promouvoit l'apprentissage régional à la fois au sein de et au delà d'une région, car il renforce la notion d'ouverture pour ce qui est des idées d'autrui. Les cultures régionales varient quant au point jusqu'auquel les individus -- individuellement et dans leurs groupements -- se font confiance et interagissent, ce qui explique la variation des résultats. L'innovation, l'apprentissage et l'esprit d'entreprise -- des étapes primordiaux de l'aménagement du territoire -- ont lieu en grande partie au sein de et parmi les gens en tant que membres des entreprises et des organismes territoriaux. Les milieux innovateurs, les districts industriels et les économies de la connaisance sont à trouver dans les régions où les bassins de capital social sont extraordinaires. Capital social Région d'apprentissage Innovation Apprentissage Malecki E. J. Regionales Sozialkapital: warum es wichtig ist, Regional Studies . Sozialkapital bezieht sich auf eine Kultur der Interaktion zwischen Menschen mit produktiven wirtschaftlichen Ergebnissen. Sozialkapital fördert das regionale Lernen sowohl innerhalb als auch außerhalb einer Region, da es eine Offenheit gegenüber den Ideen anderer verstärkt. In den regionalen Kulturen gibt es Unterschiede hinsichtlich des Ausmaßes, in dem Menschen -- einzeln und innerhalb ihrer Organisationen -- einander vertrauen und interagieren; hierin liegt der Grund, warum auch die regionalen Ergebnisse unterschiedlich ausfallen. Innovation, Lernen und Unternehmertum -- zentrale Prozesse der Regionalentwicklung -- finden zum Großteil innerhalb und zwischen Menschen als Mitgliedern von Unternehmen und territorialen Organisationen statt. Zu den Regionen mit außergewöhnlichem Reichtum an Sozialkapital gehören innovative Milieus, Industriebezirke und Wissenswirtschaften. Sozialkapital Lernregion Innovation Lernen Malecki E. J. El capital social regional: por qué es importante, Regional Studies . El capital social se refiere a una cultura de interacción entre las personas con resultados económicos productivos. El capital social fomenta el aprendizaje regional tanto dentro como fuera de una región ya que refuerza la apertura a las ideas de otros. En las culturas regionales existen variaciones en la medida en que las personas --individualmente y dentro de sus organizaciones-- confían e interactúan entre ellas, motivo por el cual varían los resultados regionales. La innovación, el aprendizaje y el interés empresarial --procesos clave del desarrollo regional-- tienen lugar en gran medida dentro y entre las personas como miembros de las empresas y organizaciones territoriales. Los medios sociales innovadores, las comarcas industriales y las economías del conocimiento pertenecen a las regiones con fondos extraordinarios de capital social. Capital social Región de aprendizaje Innovación Aprendizaje

Suggested Citation

  • Edward J. Malecki, 2012. "Regional Social Capital: Why it Matters," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(8), pages 1023-1039, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:8:p:1023-1039
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2011.607806
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    1. Giorgio Calcagnini & Germana Giombini & Francesco Perugini, 2016. "Bank Foundations, Social Capital, and the Growth of Italian Provinces," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 131, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    2. repec:ris:jspord:0941 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Abigail Cooke & Thomas Kemeny, 2016. "Urban Immigrant Diversity and Inclusive Institutions," Working Papers 16-07, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    4. Roberto Antonietti & Ron Boschma, 2018. "Social capital, resilience and regional diversification in Italy," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1804, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2018.
    5. Tom Kemeny & Maryann Feldman & Frank Ethridge & Ted Zoller, 2016. "The economic value of local social networks," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(5), pages 1101-1122.
    6. Arne Isaksen & Franz Tödtling & Michaela Trippl, 2016. "Innovation policies for regional structural change: Combining actor-based and system-based strategies," SRE-Disc sre-disc-2016_05, Institute for Multilevel Governance and Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    7. Jan Pileček & Pavel Chromý & Vít Jančák, 2013. "Social Capital and Local Socio-economic Development: The Case of Czech Peripheries," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 104(5), pages 604-620, December.
    8. Minghao Li & Stephan J. Goetz & Mark Partridge & David A. Fleming, 2016. "Location determinants of high-growth firms," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1-2), pages 97-125, January.
    9. Fikri Zul Fahmi, 2016. "Business networks, social capital and the productivity of creative industries in Indonesia," ERSA conference papers ersa16p351, European Regional Science Association.
    10. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9865-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Fredin , Sabrina & Jogmark , Marina, 2015. "The Formation of Local Culture and its Implications for Entrepreneurship," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/37, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    12. Juan Eduardo Chica & Carlos Marmolejo, 2016. "Knowledge economy and metropolitan growth: Barcelona and Helsinki metropolitan areas as case studies," International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 7(1), pages 22-42.
    13. repec:eee:touman:v:44:y:2014:i:c:p:113-122 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:spr:anresc:v:60:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0854-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:ris:invreg:0361 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Hervas Oliver,Jose Luis & Gonzalez,Gregorio & Caja,Pedro, 2014. "Clusters and industrial districts: where is the literature going? Identifying emerging sub-fields of research," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201409, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV).
    17. Isaksen , Arne & Trippl , Michaela, 2014. "Regional industrial path development in different regional innovation systems: A conceptual analysis," Papers in Innovation Studies 2014/17, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    18. Davide Consoli & Mabel Sánchez-Barrioluengo, 2016. "Polarization and the growth of low-skill employment in Spanish Local Labor Markets," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1628, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Nov 2016.

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