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Economic 'Clusters' in East Germany: Evidence on the Location and Characteristics of Spatially Concentrated Industries

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  • Martin Rosenfeld
  • Peter Franz
  • Gerhard Heimpold

Abstract

This article presents the results of an empirical study on spatially concentrated industries (SCI) with 'cluster' qualities in the eastern part of Germany which have emerged so far in the process of transformation. The findings reveal that SCI in East Germany which show 'cluster' qualities, i.e. SCI being supported by network activities and by innovative competences, are relatively rare, and they are strongly concentrated in agglomerated spaces. As the regional policy scheme which up to now has followed the 'watering can principle' has brought, so far, only poor results in terms of East-West convergence, a renewed policy with a special focus on agglomerated spaces (with more favourable conditions for economic growth) and with a stronger orientation on support for networking and innovative competences will probably be more effective in stimulating economic growth in East Germany.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Rosenfeld & Peter Franz & Gerhard Heimpold, 2007. "Economic 'Clusters' in East Germany: Evidence on the Location and Characteristics of Spatially Concentrated Industries," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 73-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:19:y:2007:i:1:p:73-92 DOI: 10.1080/14631370601163210
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    Cited by:

    1. Titze, Mirko & Brachert, Matthias & Kubis, Alexander, 2010. "The Identification of Industrial Clusters – Methodical Aspects in a Multidimensional Framework for Cluster Identification," IWH Discussion Papers 14/2010, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    2. Sergey Kuznetsov & Nikolay Mezhevich & Stanislav Lachininskii, 2015. "The Spatial Recourses and Limitations of the Russian Economy Modernization: the Example of the North-West Macro Region," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, pages 25-38.
    3. Schwartz, Michael & Hornych, Christoph, 2009. "Industry Concentration and Regional Innovative Performance – Empirical Evidence for Eastern Germany," IWH Discussion Papers 8/2009, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    4. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Alexander Kubis, 2011. "Local and regional knowledge sources of industrial clusters - methodical aspects in a multidimensional framework for cluster identification," ERSA conference papers ersa10p709, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Marta Gotz, 2015. "Tendencje rozwojowe klastrów w Niemczech / Development Tendencies of German Clusters," International Economics, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, pages 106-144.
    6. Illy, Annette & Hornych, Christoph & Schwartz, Michael & Rosenfeld, Martin T. W., 2009. "Urban Growth in Germany – The Impact of Localization and Urbanization Economies," IWH Discussion Papers 19/2009, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    7. Ali, Hoda Abd El Hamid, 2011. "Universities, Industrial Clusters, and Economic Development in Egypt," MPRA Paper 60111, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2012.
    8. Harald Bathelt, 2013. "Post-Reunification Restructuring and Corporate Re-bundling in the Bitterfeld-Wolfen Chemical Industry, East Germany," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(4), pages 1456-1485, July.

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