IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Off-farm Employment and Agricultural Sales: Evidence from Romania


  • Monica Tudor
  • Borbala Balint


This article analyses the impact of off-farm employment on the process of commercialisation of agriculture in Romania. The descriptive and correlation analysis reveals the existence of an important relationship between off-farm employment and agricultural sales. High off-farm employment is correlated with low number of households selling agricultural products and with high amount sold per household, suggesting specialisation and commercial farming in the regions with off-farm employment. Non-agricultural employment has an indirect impact on agricultural sales as well, through increased labour productivity in agriculture and through easing access to credit. Moreover, commercial farms undertake substantial investments in agriculture, thus furthering commercialisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Monica Tudor & Borbala Balint, 2006. "Off-farm Employment and Agricultural Sales: Evidence from Romania," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 243-260.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:18:y:2006:i:2:p:243-260
    DOI: 10.1080/14631370600620012

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Florian, Violeta, 2011. "Patrimonial Pattern of Rural Development. Case Study: The Rural Communities from Tara Hateg Retezat Area," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 178-196, December.
    2. Isabel Dinis, 2023. "Exploring the Drivers of Microregional Agricultural Labor Productivity: Empirical Insights from Portugal," Agriculture, MDPI, vol. 13(11), pages 1-19, November.
    3. Paul Kwame Nkegbe & Abdelkrim Araar & Benjamin Musah Abu & Hamdiyah Alhassan & Yazidu Ustarz & Edinam Dope Setsoafia & Shamsia Abdul-Wahab, 2022. "Nonfarm activity and market participation by farmers in Ghana," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 10(1), pages 1-23, December.
    4. Tudor, Monica, 2009. "Rural Labour Force and Multifunctional Development in the Territory," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 6(2), pages 235-248.
    5. Valentin-Mihai BOHATEREŢ & Ioan Sebastian BRUMĂ & Lucian TANASĂ, 2018. "Comparative Study On The Profile Of Agricultural Holdings Without Legal Status In The Development Regions North-East And South-East Of Romania," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 15(1), pages 93-113.
    6. Paul Nkegbe & Abdelkrim Araar & Benjamin Abu & Yazidu Ustarz & Hamdiyah Alhassan & Edinam Dope Setsoafia & Shamsia Abdul-Wahab, 2018. "Rural Non-Farm Engagement and Agriculture Commercialization in Ghana: Complements or Competitors?," Working Papers PMMA 2018-07, PEP-PMMA.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:18:y:2006:i:2:p:243-260. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Chris Longhurst (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.