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International Trade and Manufacturing Employment in the South: Four Country Case Studies


  • Rhys Jenkins
  • Kunal Sen


This paper investigates the impact of international trade on manufacturing employment in developing countries, by undertaking a comparative study of four countries—Bangladesh, Kenya, South Africa and Vietnam. It does so by employing a variety of methodological approaches: factor content; growth accounting; and econometric modelling. The main empirical finding is that international trade seems to be associated with the net creation of jobs in Bangladesh and Vietnam, with female workers being the key beneficiaries. In contrast, international trade has been associated with adverse employment outcomes in Kenya, and possibly in South Africa. This suggests that there may be crucial differences between Asia and Africa in terms of the impact of globalization on employment opportunities in manufacturing. Some alternative explanations for such differences are offered in the paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Rhys Jenkins & Kunal Sen, 2006. "International Trade and Manufacturing Employment in the South: Four Country Case Studies," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 299-322.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:oxdevs:v:34:y:2006:i:3:p:299-322
    DOI: 10.1080/13600810600921802

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    Cited by:

    1. Kunal Sen, 2009. "International Trade and Manufacturing Employment: Is India following the Footsteps of Asia or Africa?," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(4), pages 765-777, November.
    2. Yemi Meroyi, 2016. "Comparative Analysis of Impact of Trade Liberalization on Employment Generation during the Military and Civilian Regimes in Nigeria (1980-2012)," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(11), pages 110-134, November.

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