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State-ownership and financial constraints on investment of Chinese-listed firms: new evidence


  • Hsiang-Chun Michael Lin
  • Hong Bo


We examine how state-ownership affects financial constraints on investment of Chinese-listed firms during 1999--2008. We find that although an average sample firm experiences some degree of financial constraints, state-ownership does not necessarily help in reducing the firm's financial constraints on investment. Further evidence shows that state-ownership does not lead to more borrowing from the Chinese banking sector, implying that state-ownership does not necessarily reduce the firm's financial constraints via the state-controlled banking sector. We consider not only the standard factors in the investment equation, but also the firm's equity financing behaviour explicitly. The result is robust to both the conventional proxy for financial constraints, i.e. the investment--cash-flow sensitivity, and a recently developed proxy for financial constraints, i.e. the KZ index. Our results suggest that China's corporatisation movement is effective in that soft budget constraints once enjoyed by former state-owned enterprises have been removed along with the progress of corporatisation. These firms, although still state-involved, can be seen as modern corporations operating in a market environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Hsiang-Chun Michael Lin & Hong Bo, 2012. "State-ownership and financial constraints on investment of Chinese-listed firms: new evidence," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(6), pages 497-513, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurjfi:v:18:y:2012:i:6:p:497-513
    DOI: 10.1080/1351847X.2011.611523

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    Cited by:

    1. Ratnam Vijayakumaran, 2019. "Agency Costs, Ownership, and Internal Governance Mechanisms: Evidence from Chinese Listed Companies," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(1), pages 133-154, January.
    2. Du, Min & Boateng, Agyenim, 2015. "State ownership, institutional effects and value creation in cross-border mergers & acquisitions by Chinese firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 430-442.
    3. Dongyang Zhang, 2017. "Is working capital management value-enhancing through alleviating financial constraints? Evidence from Chinese non-listed firms," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(4), pages 373-406, October.
    4. Nagano, Mamoru, 2016. "The bank–firm relationship during economic transition: The impacts on bank performance in emerging economies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 117-139.
    5. Christopher Gan & Dao Le Trang Anh, 2019. "Should Firms Keep a Balance between State and Foreign Ownership? A Perspective on Financial Constraints and Investments in Vietnam," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(4), pages 517-530, April.
    6. Bahadır Ergün & Ömer Tuğsal Doruk, 2020. "Effect of financial constraints on the growth of family and nonfamily firms in Turkey," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 6(1), pages 1-24, December.
    7. Xia, Changyuan & Zhang, Xiaowei & Cao, Chunfang & Xu, Nan, 2019. "Independent director connectedness in China: An examination of the trade credit financing hypothesis," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 209-225.

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