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Diverse friendship networks and heterogeneous peer effects on adolescent misbehaviors


  • Yilan Xu
  • Linlin Fan


This study estimates peer effects in diverse friendship networks by friend types. Evidence from friendship networks for 57,351 U.S. high school adolescents demonstrates that adolescents are more likely to make friends with someone of the same immigrant status or ethnicity (‘similar friends’) than those with different backgrounds (‘dissimilar friends’) and they interact more with their similar friends. Both types of friends influence adolescents' misbehaviors of smoking and drinking; yet similar friends have greater influences. Various potential mechanisms are contested, and the results suggest that higher interactions with similar friends can explain the heterogeneous peer effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Yilan Xu & Linlin Fan, 2018. "Diverse friendship networks and heterogeneous peer effects on adolescent misbehaviors," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(3), pages 233-252, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:edecon:v:26:y:2018:i:3:p:233-252
    DOI: 10.1080/09645292.2017.1406458

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    Cited by:

    1. Diemer, Andreas, 2022. "Endogenous peer effects in diverse friendship networks: Evidence from Swedish classrooms," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 89(C).
    2. William C. Horrace & Hyunseok Jung & Jonathan L. Pressler & Amy Ellen Schwartz, 2021. "What Makes a Classmate a Peer? Examining Which Peers Matter in NYC Elementary Schools," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 241, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
    3. Gao, Wayne Yuan & Li, Ming & Xu, Sheng, 2023. "Logical differencing in dyadic network formation models with nontransferable utilities," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 235(1), pages 302-324.

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