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Non-monetary dimensions of well-being in South Africa, 1993--2004: A post-apartheid dividend?

Author

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  • Haroon Bhorat
  • Carlene van der Westhuizen

Abstract

Existing studies on shifts in income welfare in South Africa since the demise of apartheid suggest that income inequality increased, while headcount poverty rates declined since 2000, after some evidence of an increase or no change in poverty in the 1995--2000 and 1996--2001 periods. This study provides an analysis of the shifts in non-income welfare that have occurred in South Africa between 1993 and 2004. We use factor analysis to construct an asset index as a measure of non-income-based welfare. Variables reflecting household access to a range of services and assets are used in the construction of the index. Significantly different results emerge when non-income welfare shifts are considered: we show statistically significant decreases in the headcount asset poverty rates between 1993 and 2004 across a range of covariates. Finally, asset inequality decreased significantly between 1993 and 2004 -- in stark contrast to results based on consumption data.

Suggested Citation

  • Haroon Bhorat & Carlene van der Westhuizen, 2013. "Non-monetary dimensions of well-being in South Africa, 1993--2004: A post-apartheid dividend?," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 295-314, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:deveza:v:30:y:2013:i:3:p:295-314
    DOI: 10.1080/0376835X.2013.817308
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:soinre:v:134:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1419-x is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Haroon Bhorat & Karmen Naidoo & Derek Yu, 2014. "Trade Unions In An Emerging Economy: The Case Of South Africa," Working Papers 201402, University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit.
    3. repec:bla:revinw:v:63:y:2017:i:4:p:706-730 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Tina Fransman & Derek Yu, 2018. "Multidimensional poverty in South Africa in 2001-2016," Working Papers 07/2018, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
    5. Martin Wittenberg & Murray Leibbrandt, 2017. "Measuring Inequality by Asset Indices: A General Approach with Application to South Africa," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 63(4), pages 706-730, December.
    6. Finn, Arden & Leibbrandt, Murray & Oosthuizen, Morne, 2014. "Poverty, inequality, and prices in post-apartheid South Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series 127, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    7. Kehinde O. Omotoso & Steven F. Koch, 2017. "Exploring Child Poverty and Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa: A Multidimensional Perspective," Working Papers 201718, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    8. repec:spr:soinre:v:133:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1397-z is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ronelle Burger & Servaas Berg & Sarel Walt & Derek Yu, 2017. "The Long Walk: Considering the Enduring Spatial and Racial Dimensions of Deprivation Two Decades After the Fall of Apartheid," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 1101-1123, February.
    10. repec:eee:wdevel:v:97:y:2017:i:c:p:14-26 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:dem:demres:v:37:y:2017:i:39 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. repec:spr:soinre:v:135:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s11205-016-1473-4 is not listed on IDEAS

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