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Choosy Youth or Unwanted Youth? A Survey of Unemployment


  • Chris Manning
  • P. N. Junankar


This paper examines structure and change in unemployment in Indonesia from the 1970s through to 1996 The analysis focuses on high unemployment rates among urban youth, set in the context of similar problems experienced in other developing countries. It also deals with some of the conceptual and measurement issues. It is concluded that high youth unemployment is partly a queuing phenomenon among middle class families, related to processes of job search and wage structure. But rates of under-utilisation are also high among children of poorer households in the working age papulation Over time, the paper finds considerable stability in the structure of unemployment, with some tendency for overall rates to increase Some rises in unemplnyment were experienced by youth with either low educational status or tertiary qualifications, and by women Explanations include increased minimum wages and a slowdown in manufacturing activity, although changing definations have also played a part.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Manning & P. N. Junankar, 1998. "Choosy Youth or Unwanted Youth? A Survey of Unemployment," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 55-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:bindes:v:34:y:1998:i:1:p:55-93
    DOI: 10.1080/00074919812331337280

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gregory, R G, 1991. "Jobs and Gender: A Lego Approach to the Australian Labour Market," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 0(0), pages 20-40, Supplemen.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gavin Jones & Laila Nagib & Tri Handayani, 1998. "The Expansion of High School Education in Poor Regions: The Case of East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 59-84.
    2. Aysit Tansel & H. Mehmet Taşçı, 2010. "Hazard Analysis of Unemployment Duration by Gender in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 24(4), pages 501-530, December.
    3. Aysit TANSEL & H. Mehmet TASCI, "undated". "Determinants of Unemployment Duration for Men and Women in Turkey," Middle East and North Africa 330400055, EcoMod.
    4. O'Higgins, Niall, 2001. "Youth unemployment and employment policy: a global perspective," MPRA Paper 23698, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. repec:ilo:ilowps:334072 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Daniel Suryadarma & Asep Suryahadi & Sudarno Sumarto, 2005. "The Measurement and Trends of Unemployment in Indonesia : The Issue of Discouraged Workers," Labor Economics Working Papers 22545, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    7. Yogi Vidyattama, 2016. "Inter-provincial migration and 1975–2005 regional growth in Indonesia," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 95, pages 87-105, March.
    8. Oey, Mayling. & Dharmaputra, Nick G., 1998. "The impact of the economic crisis on women workers in Indonesia : social and gender dimensions," ILO Working Papers 993340723402676, International Labour Organization.
    9. Takii, Sadayuki, 2003. "Do Education Earnings Differentials Reflect Productivity?: Evidence From Indonesian Manufacturing 1996," EIJS Working Paper Series 169, Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.

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