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Market structure and competition in transition: results from a spatial analysis

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  • Martin Lábaj
  • Karol Morvay
  • Peter Silanič
  • Christoph Weiss
  • Biliana Yontcheva

Abstract

The present article provides first microlevel (indirect) empirical evidence on changes in entry barriers, the determinants of firm profitability as well as the nature of competition for a transition economy. We estimate size thresholds required to support different numbers of firms for several retail and professional service industries in a large number of geographic markets in Slovakia. The 3 time periods in the analysis (1995, 2001 and 2010) characterize different stages of the transition process. Specific emphasis is given to spatial spill-over effects between local markets. Estimation results obtained from a spatial ordered probit model suggest that entry barriers have declined considerably (except for restaurants) and that the intensity of competition has increased on average. We further find that demand spill-overs and/or the effects associated with a positive correlation in unobservable explanatory variables seem to outweigh negative spill-over effects caused by competitive forces between neighbouring cities and villages. The importance of these spatial spill-over effects differs across industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Lábaj & Karol Morvay & Peter Silanič & Christoph Weiss & Biliana Yontcheva, 2018. "Market structure and competition in transition: results from a spatial analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(15), pages 1694-1715, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:50:y:2018:i:15:p:1694-1715
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2017.1374535
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    1. Martin Lábaj & Alzbeta Siskovicova & Barbora Skalicanova & Peter Silanic & Christoph Weiss & Biliana Yontcheva, 2015. "Market Structure and Competition in the Health-care Industry: Results from a Transition Economy," Department of Economic Policy Working Paper Series 010, Department of Economic Policy, Faculty of National Economy, University of Economics in Bratislava.
    2. Martin Lábaj & Peter Silanič & Christoph Weiss & Biliana Yontcheva, 2018. "Market structure and competition in the healthcare industry," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 19(8), pages 1087-1110, November.
    3. Pennerstorfer, Dieter & Yontcheva, Biliana, 2021. "Local market definition in competition analysis: An application to entry models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 198(C).
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    5. Martin Lábaj & Peter Mandžak, 2022. "Entry and Competition of Healthcare Providers in Slovakia: A Spatial Analysis," Journal of Economics / Ekonomicky casopis, Institute of Economic Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, vol. 70(3), pages 211-236, March.
    6. Silajdzic Sabina & Mehic Eldin, 2018. "Do Environmental Taxes Pay Off? The Impact of Energy and Transport Taxes on CO2 Emissions in Transition Economies," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 13(2), pages 126-143, December.
    7. Dieter Pennerstorfer & Biliana Yontcheva, 2019. "How to Draw the Line: A Note on Local Market Definition," Economics working papers 2019-17, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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