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The kilometer tax and Swedish industry-effects on sectors and regions

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Listed:
  • Henrik Hammar
  • Tommy Lundgren
  • Magnus Sjostrom
  • Matts Andersson

Abstract

An introduction of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles can be constrained by the risk of that higher production costs than competitors in other countries will negatively affect regions and industries of policy concern. We estimate factor demand elasticities in the Swedish manufacturing industry using firm level data for the 1990 to 2001 period on input prices and quantities. The results show that the introduction of a kilometer tax for heavy goods vehicles decreases transport demand and increases labour demand. The effects are less pronounced in terms of changes in output, though some industries (e.g. wood, pulp and paper) can be expected to be affected more than others due to their dependence on road freight transport. The regional dimension regarding the consequences of a kilometer tax seems to be small or even nonexisting.

Suggested Citation

  • Henrik Hammar & Tommy Lundgren & Magnus Sjostrom & Matts Andersson, 2011. "The kilometer tax and Swedish industry-effects on sectors and regions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(22), pages 2907-2917.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:43:y:2011:i:22:p:2907-2917
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840802600608
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Östblom, Göran & Hammar, Henrik, 2007. "Outcomes of a Swedish Kilometre Tax. An analysis of Economic Effects and Effects on NOx Emissions," Working Papers 103, National Institute of Economic Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Carling, Kenneth & Håkansson, Johan & Meng, Xiangli & Rudholm, Niklas, 2015. "The effects of taxing truck distance on CO2 emissions from transports in retailing," HUI Working Papers 111, HUI Research.
    2. Runar Brännlund & Tommy Lundgren, 2010. "Environmental policy and profitability: evidence from Swedish industry," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 12(1), pages 59-78, June.
    3. Carling, Kenneth & Håkansson, Johan & Meng, Xiangli & Rudholm, Niklas, 2017. "The effect on CO2 emissions of taxing truck distance in retail transports," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 47-54.

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