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Is economic freedom necessary for technology diffusion?

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  • Sam Green
  • Andrew Melnyk
  • Dennis Powers

Abstract

Benhabib and Spiegel (1996) argue that human capital increases technological diffusion and, as a result, has a positive effect on economic growth. When human capital is accounted for in this way they find that other institutional variables do not affect growth. Their finding are re-examined by considering the effects of economic freedom on technology spillovers, hence on growth, and it is found that the greater the economic freedom in a country, the greater the amount of technological diffusion. More generally, this research suggests that institutional variables which are captured by economic freedom do indeed have an impact on growth, but only through technological diffusion. However, after accounting for the effects of economic freedom on technological diffusion, there is only weak evidence that human capital has a positive effect on technological diffusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Sam Green & Andrew Melnyk & Dennis Powers, 2002. "Is economic freedom necessary for technology diffusion?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(14), pages 907-910.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:9:y:2002:i:14:p:907-910
    DOI: 10.1080/13504850210135705
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Krieger, Tim & Meierrieks, Daniel, 2016. "Political capitalism: The interaction between income inequality, economic freedom and democracy," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 115-132.
    2. Jakob De Haan & Susanna Lundström & Jan-Egbert Sturm, 2006. "Market-oriented institutions and policies and economic growth: A critical survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(2), pages 157-191, April.
    3. Hossein Panahi & Ahmad Assadzadeh & Ramiar Refaei, 2014. "Economic Freedom and Economic Growth in Mena Countries," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(1), pages 105-116, January.
    4. Bogdan Dima & Stefana Maria Dima & Oana-Ramona Lobont, 2013. "New empirical evidence of the linkages between governance and economic output in the European Union," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1), pages 68-89, March.

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