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Financial instruments, financial reporting, and financial stability

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  • Christian Laux

Abstract

I review new empirical evidence from the recent financial crisis on the relation between financial reporting and financial stability. I draw the following conclusions: First, there is still no evidence that fair value accounting caused widespread fire sales of asset or contagion. Second, the empirical evidence suggests that accounting and regulation might have contributed to the crisis by allowing several banks to delay actions. Third, even if share prices reacted positively to the relaxation of fair value accounting rules during the crisis, the origin of the problem might be lax rules that allowed banks to run into financial and regulatory problems. Fourth, fair values can be relevant for assets that a bank intends to hold until maturity if that bank strongly relies on short-term financing. Fifth, the recognition of fair values is no substitute for information that allows investors to judge a bank's risk exposure and the validity of reported fair values.

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  • Christian Laux, 2012. "Financial instruments, financial reporting, and financial stability," Accounting and Business Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(3), pages 239-260, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:acctbr:v:42:y:2012:i:3:p:239-260
    DOI: 10.1080/00014788.2012.681857
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Guillaume Plantin & Haresh Sapra & Hyun Song Shin, 2008. "Marking‐to‐Market: Panacea or Pandora's Box?," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 435-460, May.
    2. Christian Laux & Christian Leuz, 2010. "Did Fair-Value Accounting Contribute to the Financial Crisis?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 24(1), pages 93-118, Winter.
    3. Markus K. Brunnermeier, 2009. "Deciphering the Liquidity and Credit Crunch 2007-2008," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 23(1), pages 77-100, Winter.
    4. Laux, Christian & Leuz, Christian, 2009. "The crisis of fair-value accounting: Making sense of the recent debate," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 34(6-7), pages 826-834, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Botzem, Sebastian & Dobusch, Leonhard, 2017. "Financialization as strategy: Accounting for inter-organizational value creation in the European real estate industry," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 31-43.
    2. Justin Chircop & Zoltán Novotny-Farkas, 2014. "The economic consequences of including fair value adjustments to shareholders’ equity in regulatory capital calculations," CERS-IE WORKING PAPERS 1426, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    3. Craig B. Merrill & Taylor D. Nadauld & René M. Stulz & Shane Sherlund, 2012. "Did Capital Requirements and Fair Value Accounting Spark Fire Sales in Distressed Mortgage-Backed Securities?," NBER Working Papers 18270, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Mora, Araceli, 2018. "The role of Politics and Economics in the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Adoption/La influencia de la política y la economía en la adopción de las Normas Internacionales de Informa," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 36, pages 407-428, Mayo.
    5. Ehalaiye, Dimu & Tippett, Mark & van Zijl, Tony, 2017. "The predictive value of bank fair values," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 111-127.
    6. Schaberl, Philipp D., 2016. "Beyond accounting and back: An empirical examination of the relative relevance of earnings and “other” information," Advances in accounting, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 98-113.
    7. Giner Inchausti, Begoña, 2014. "Instituciones e intereses en conflicto ante la regulación contable internacional: el caso del sector financiero español," Revista de Contabilidad - Spanish Accounting Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 143-152.
    8. Johannes Thesing & Patrick Velte, 2021. "Do fair value measurements affect accounting-based earnings quality? A literature review with a focus on corporate governance as moderator," Journal of Business Economics, Springer, vol. 91(7), pages 965-1004, September.
    9. Bischof, Jannis & Laux, Christian & Leuz, Christian, 2021. "Accounting for financial stability: Bank disclosure and loss recognition in the financial crisis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(3), pages 1188-1217.
    10. Onali, Enrico & Ginesti, Gianluca, 2015. "New Accounting Rules for Loan Loss Provisions in Europe: Much Ado about Nothing?," MPRA Paper 64266, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 May 2015.
    11. Bischof, Jannis & Laux, Christian & Leuz, Christian, 2020. "Accounting for financial stability: Lessons from the financial crisis and future challenges," SAFE Working Paper Series 283, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    12. Pucci, Richard & Skærbæk, Peter, 2020. "The co-performation of financial economics in accounting standard-setting: A study of the translation of the expected credit loss model in IFRS 9," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    13. Viral V. Acharya & Stephen G. Ryan, 2016. "Banks’ Financial Reporting and Financial System Stability," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 277-340, May.
    14. Argimón, Isabel & Dietsch, Michel & Estrada, Ángel, 2018. "Prudential filters, portfolio composition at fair value and capital ratios in European banks," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 187-208.
    15. Merrill, Craig B. & Nadauld, Taylor D. & Stulz, Rene M. & Sherlund, Shane M., 2012. "Why Did Financial Institutions sell RMBS at Fire Sale Prices during the Finacial Crisis?," Working Papers 13-06, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center.
    16. Rainer Niemann & Caren Sureth-Sloane, 2019. "Investment timing effects of wealth taxes under uncertainty and irreversibility," Journal of Business Economics, Springer, vol. 89(4), pages 385-415, June.
    17. Laux, Christian, 2016. "The economic consequences of extending the use of fair value accounting in regulatory capital calculations: A discussion," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 204-208.
    18. Aytekin Ertan & Maria Loumioti & Regina Wittenberg‐Moerman, 2017. "Enhancing Loan Quality Through Transparency: Evidence from the European Central Bank Loan Level Reporting Initiative," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(4), pages 877-918, September.
    19. Adwan, Sami & Alhaj-Ismail, Alaa & Girardone, Claudia, 2020. "Fair value accounting and value relevance of equity book value and net income for European financial firms during the crisis," Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, Elsevier, vol. 39(C).
    20. Ildiko Orban & Oday Tamimi, 2020. "Accounting Model for Impairment under IFRS 9 and its Impact on Loss Allowance," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(4), pages 1259-1277.
    21. Chircop, Justin & Novotny-Farkas, Zoltán, 2016. "The economic consequences of extending the use of fair value accounting in regulatory capital calculations," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 183-203.
    22. Zoltán Novotny-Farkas, 2016. "The Interaction of the IFRS 9 Expected Loss Approach with Supervisory Rules and Implications for Financial Stability," Accounting in Europe, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 197-227, May.
    23. Li, Jing, 2017. "Accounting for banks, capital regulation and risk-taking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 102-121.

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