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Sustaining Urban Water Supplies in India: Increasing Role of Large Reservoirs

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  • Sacchidananda Mukherjee

    ()

  • Zankhana Shah

    ()

  • M. Kumar

    ()

Abstract

Urban water demand is rapidly growing in India due to high growth in urban population and rapid industrialization. Meeting this demand is a big challenge for the urban planners in India. Incidentally, the large urban areas are experiencing faster growth in population, and most of them are in arid and semi arid regions, which are naturally water-scarce. As a result, water supplies from local water resources including aquifers are falling far short of the high and concentrated demands in most urban areas. Under such situations, these large cities have to rely on distant large reservoirs. The analysis of 302 urban centers shows that cities with larger population size have much higher level of dependence on surface water sources. Also, greater the share of surface water in the city water supplies, higher was the level of per capita water supply. Multiple regression models are estimated for Class I cities and Class II towns in India. The results show that Population Elasticity of Water Supply (PEWS) change with time and space—for Class I cities it was 1.127 in 1988, whereas that with respect to 1999 population is 1.289. It also shows that Class I cities have better water supply (PEWS is 1.127 in 1988 and 1.289 in 1999) than Class II towns (PEWS is 0.396 in 1988 and 0.675 in 1999). Given the structure and pattern of urban population growth, economic conditions and water demands, large reservoirs will have a much bigger role in meeting urban water supply needs. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Suggested Citation

  • Sacchidananda Mukherjee & Zankhana Shah & M. Kumar, 2010. "Sustaining Urban Water Supplies in India: Increasing Role of Large Reservoirs," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 24(10), pages 2035-2055, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:waterr:v:24:y:2010:i:10:p:2035-2055
    DOI: 10.1007/s11269-009-9537-8
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Shah, Zankhana & Kumar, M. Dinesh, 2008. "In the midst of the large dam controversy: objectives and criteria for assessing large water storages in the developing world," Conference Papers h041801, International Water Management Institute.
    2. Shah, Zankhana & Kumar, M. Dinesh, 2008. "In the midst of the large dam controversy: objectives, criteria for assessing large water storages in the developing world," Conference Papers h041896, International Water Management Institute.
    3. Kumar, Dinesh M. & Ghosh, Shantanu & Patel, Ankit & Singh, Omprakash & Ravindranath, R., 2006. "Rainwater harvesting in India: some critical issues for basin planning and research," IWMI Research Reports H044538, International Water Management Institute.
    4. Zankhana Shah & M. Kumar, 2008. "In the Midst of the Large Dam Controversy: Objectives, Criteria for Assessing Large Water Storages in the Developing World," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 22(12), pages 1799-1824, December.
    5. Molle, François & Berkoff, J., 2006. "Cities versus agriculture: revisiting intersectoral water transfers, potential gains and conflicts," IWMI Research Reports H038722, International Water Management Institute.
    6. Kumar, M. Dinesh & Ghosh, Shantanu & Patel, Ankit & Singh, Om Prakash & Ravindranath, R., 2006. "Rainwater harvesting in India: some critical issues for basin planning and research," Land Use and Water Resources Research, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Centre for Land Use and Water Resources Research, vol. 0, pages 1-17.
    7. Mukherjee, Sacchidananda, 2008. "Factors influencing farmers\u2019 willingness to protect groundwater from nonpoint source of pollution in the Lower Bhavani River Basin, Tamil Nadu," Conference Papers h041886, International Water Management Institute.
    8. Molle, Francois & Berkoff, Jeremy, 2006. "Cities versus agriculture: Revisiting intersectoral water transfers, potential gains and conflicts," IWMI Research Reports 91817, International Water Management Institute.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wenyong Wu & Suchuang Di & Qianheng Chen & Shengli Yang & Xingyao Pan & Honglu Liu, 2013. "The Compensation Mechanism and Water Quality Impacts of Agriculture-Urban Water Transfers: A Case Study in China’s Chaobai Watershed," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 27(1), pages 187-197, January.
    2. Mukherjee, Sacchidananda & Chakraborty, Debashis, 2016. "Urbanization and Demand for Water and Sanitation Services: An Analysis on Cross-Region Investment Requirements," MPRA Paper 74767, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Sileshi Baye & Helmut Kloos & Worku Mulat & Aymere Assayie & Gabriel Gullis & Abera Kumie & Biruck Yirsaw, 2012. "Assessment on the Approaches Used for Water and Sanitation Programs in Southern Ethiopia," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 26(15), pages 4295-4309, December.

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