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Deposit Insurance, Institutions, and Bank Interest Rates

Author

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  • Francesca Carapella

    ()

  • Giorgio Di Giorgio

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Abstract

Many recent institutional reforms of the financial system have relied on the introduction of an explicit scheme of deposit insurance. This instrument aims at two main targets, contributing to systemic stability and protecting depositors. However, it may also affect the interest rate spread in the banking system, which can be viewed as an indicator of either inefficiency or market power in this financial segment. This paper provides an empirical investigation of the effect of deposit insurance and other institutional and economic variables on bank interest rates across countries. We find that deposit insurance increases the lending–deposit spread in banking. The main effect seems to arise not from the deposit side though, but from an increase in the lending rate. We interpret this result as evidence of the presence of moral hazard problems related to this instrument. We also find that higher quality of institutions is associated with lower spreads, thus contributing to eroding sources of market power in the banking sector. Copyright Springer-Verlag/Wien 2004

Suggested Citation

  • Francesca Carapella & Giorgio Di Giorgio, 2004. "Deposit Insurance, Institutions, and Bank Interest Rates," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 11(3), pages 77-92, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:trstrv:v:11:y:2004:i:3:p:77-92
    DOI: 10.1007/s11300-004-0006-z
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcelin, Isaac & Mathur, Ike, 2014. "Financial development, institutions and banks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 25-33.
    2. Klüh, Ulrich, 2005. "Safety Net Design and Systemic Risk: New Empirical Evidence," Discussion Papers in Economics 662, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    3. Harold Ngalawa & Fulbert Tchana Tchana & Nicola Viegi, 2016. "Banking instability and deposit insurance: The role of moral hazard," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 19, pages 323-350, November.
    4. Séraphin PRAO YAO* & Kamalan Eugène, 2018. "Institutions and Financial Development in African Countries: An Empirical Analysis," Business, Management and Economics Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 4(5), pages 43-50, 05-2018.
    5. Babych, Yaroslava & Grigolia, Maya & Keshelava, Davit, 2018. "Financial Inclusion, Financial Literacy, and Financial Education in Georgia," ADBI Working Papers 849, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    6. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Bermpei, Theodora, 2016. "What is the effect of unconventional monetary policy on bank performance?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 239-263.
    7. Gabriele Angori & David Aristei & Manuela Gallo, 2019. "Determinants of Banks’ Net Interest Margin: Evidence from the Euro Area during the Crisis and Post-Crisis Period," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-20, July.

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