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Scientific collaboration of Cuban researchers working in Europe: understanding relations between origin and destination countries


  • Miriam Palacios-Callender

    () (University of West London
    King’s College London)

  • Stephen A. Roberts

    (University of West London)


Abstract The global network of scientific collaboration created by researchers opens new opportunities for developing countries to engage in the process of knowledge creation historically lead by institutions in the developed world. The results discussed here explore how Cubans working in European science and technology might contribute to extending the scientific collaboration of the country through their ties with Cuban institutions mainly in the academic sector. A bibliometric method was used to explore the pattern of collaboration of Cuban researchers in Europe using the institutional affiliation of authors and collaborators. The records of scientific publications of the defined sample were obtained from Scopus database for the period between 1995 and 2014. The network of collaboration was generated using the affiliations of Cuban authors in Europe and co-authors with worldwide affiliations shown in the records of publications of each Cuban researcher of the study. The analysis of aggregate values of the output of Cuban researchers in Europe (1995–2014) reveals that their collaboration with Cuba correlates moderately with their performance in Europe. However, when taking into account their time publishing in Europe, the collaboration with Cuba decreases the longer they remain away from home. The network of collaborating Cuban researchers in Europe comprises 991 different affiliations from 58 countries: 698 from Europe, 118 from North America, 96 from Latin America and 79 from the rest of the world. K-core analysis of centrality shows two Cuban universities sharing the central position with another 24 institutions worldwide of which 18 belong to higher education.

Suggested Citation

  • Miriam Palacios-Callender & Stephen A. Roberts, 2018. "Scientific collaboration of Cuban researchers working in Europe: understanding relations between origin and destination countries," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(2), pages 745-769, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:117:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-018-2888-2
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-018-2888-2

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Bibliometric study; Cuban scientists in Europe; Developing countries; Global science; Internationalization of higher education; Transnational knowledge networks;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes


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