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Toward a simple structure: a comparison of different rotation techniques


  • Giovanni Franco



This paper thematise the problem of seeking and devising a simple structure, when the solution envisages the extraction of more than one component or factor. To this avail, we shall make a comparison between a number of rotation techniques, both orthogonal and oblique, to evaluate just how capable they are of delivering the highest possible semplification of the data yielded by the analysis. To evaluate the results obtained through empirical controls, we have drawn up a simple structure index. For reasons of space, we shall apply principal components analysis to our method, although the results obtained here also hold for factor analysis. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Franco, 2014. "Toward a simple structure: a comparison of different rotation techniques," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 1785-1797, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:qualqt:v:48:y:2014:i:3:p:1785-1797
    DOI: 10.1007/s11135-013-9874-9

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Henry Kaiser, 1958. "The varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 23(3), pages 187-200, September.
    2. Urbano Lorenzo-Seva, 2003. "A factor simplicity index," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 68(1), pages 49-60, March.
    3. Henry Kaiser, 1974. "An index of factorial simplicity," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 39(1), pages 31-36, March.
    4. P. Bentler, 1977. "Factor simplicity index and transformations," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 42(2), pages 277-295, June.
    5. John Carroll, 1953. "An analytical solution for approximating simple structure in factor analysis," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 18(1), pages 23-38, March.
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