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The Polish power industry in energy transformation process


  • Lidia Gawlik

    (Polish Academy of Sciences)


The article presents the present state of the electricity sector and the hard coal mining sector in Poland. Priorities for the future structure of electricity generation have been determined in the context of trends in the EU climate policy. Poland has significant reserves of coal, which will be used to produce electricity in order to secure the country’s energy security and to make use of indigenous resources. Despite the current economic and financial difficulties of mining entities, the government has declared its support for hard coal mining industry. This is due to the fact that enormous investment outlays, exceeding the financial capabilities of the energy sector and the country, would be needed in order to fundamentally change the fuel structure of the sector. Due to the fact that coal-fired power plants, which now account for more than 46% of all power generation capacity, are deeply decapitalized and do not meet the EU emission requirements, the possibility of upgrading the existing units in order to improve their generation efficiency and extend their service life for the next several dozen years is explored. The Polish energy transition towards a low-carbon economy is largely based on energy-saving ideas and efforts to increase the energy efficiency. There has also been a great increase in the production of renewable energy, especially wind power, which, however, is the reason for problems with the stability of power grids and the balance of supply and demand. The development of renewable energy sources used in local energy clusters is the preferred option. The presented scenarios have not yet been confirmed in the official documents of the Polish government. The government faces the task of building the long-term energy policy and energy transformation strategy that should take into account internal and external determinants and priorities. At the same time, it is important to negotiate the path of development that is consistent with the direction of the changes proposed by the European Union and takes into account the capabilities of Poland.

Suggested Citation

  • Lidia Gawlik, 2018. "The Polish power industry in energy transformation process," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 31(1), pages 229-237, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:minecn:v:31:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s13563-017-0128-5
    DOI: 10.1007/s13563-017-0128-5

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    Cited by:

    1. Arkadiusz Piwowar, 2020. "Agricultural Biogas—An Important Element in the Circular and Low-Carbon Development in Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-12, April.
    2. Bartłomiej Iglinski & Karol Flisikowski & Michał Bernard Pietrzak & Urszula Kiełkowska & Mateusz Skrzatek & Anas Zyadin & Karthikeyan Natarajan, 2021. "Renewable Energy in the Pomerania Voivodeship—Institutional, Economic, Environmental and Physical Aspects in Light of EU Energy Transformation," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(24), pages 1-27, December.
    3. Ryszard Marszowski & Sebastian Iwaszenko, 2021. "Mining in Poland in Light of Energy Transition: Case Study of Changes Based on the Knowledge Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(24), pages 1-16, December.
    4. Justyna Smagowicz & Cezary Szwed & Dawid Dąbal & Pavel Scholz, 2022. "A Simulation Model of Power Demand Management by Manufacturing Enterprises under the Conditions of Energy Sector Transformation," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(9), pages 1-27, April.
    5. Agnieszka Czaplicka-Kotas & Joanna Kulczycka & Natalia Iwaszczuk, 2020. "Energy Clusters as a New Urban Symbiosis Concept for Increasing Renewable Energy Production—A Case Study of Zakopane City," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(14), pages 1-15, July.
    6. Alicja Małgorzata Graczyk, 2021. "Households Behaviour towards Sustainable Energy Management in Poland—The Homo Energeticus Concept as a New Behaviour Pattern in Sustainable Economics," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-30, May.
    7. Lidia Gawlik & Eugeniusz Mokrzycki, 2019. "Changes in the Structure of Electricity Generation in Poland in View of the EU Climate Package," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(17), pages 1-19, August.
    8. Szabo, John & Fabok, Marton, 2020. "Infrastructures and state-building: Comparing the energy politics of the European Commission with the governments of Hungary and Poland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).
    9. Anna Bluszcz & Anna Manowska, 2021. "The Use of Hierarchical Agglomeration Methods in Assessing the Polish Energy Market," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(13), pages 1-18, July.
    10. Jacek Brożyna & Grzegorz Mentel & Eva Ivanová & Gennadii Sorokin, 2019. "Classification of Renewable Sources of Electricity in the Context of Sustainable Development of the New EU Member States," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(12), pages 1-22, June.
    11. Arkadiusz Piwowar & Maciej Dzikuć, 2019. "Development of Renewable Energy Sources in the Context of Threats Resulting from Low-Altitude Emissions in Rural Areas in Poland: A Review," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(18), pages 1-15, September.
    12. Sokołowski, Jakub & Bouzarovski, Stefan, 2022. "Decarbonisation of the Polish residential sector between the 1990s and 2021: A case study of policy failures," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 163(C).
    13. Jarosław Szlugaj & Krzysztof Galos, 2021. "Limestone Sorbents Market for Flue Gas Desulphurisation in Coal-Fired Power Plants in the Context of the Transformation of the Power Industry—A Case of Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(14), pages 1-16, July.
    14. Zacharczuk, Wojciech & Andruszkiewicz, Artur & Tatarek, Andrzej & Alahmer, Ali & Alsaqoor, Sameh, 2021. "Effect of Ca-based additives on the capture of SO2 during combustion of pulverized lignite," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 231(C).
    15. Przemysław Śleszyński & Maciej Nowak & Agnieszka Brelik & Bartosz Mickiewicz & Natalia Oleszczyk, 2021. "Planning and Settlement Conditions for the Development of Renewable Energy Sources in Poland: Conclusions for Local and Regional Policy," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-20, March.
    16. Wioletta Lipka & Cezary Szwed, 2021. "Multi-Attribute Rating Method for Selecting a Clean Coal Energy Generation Technology," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(21), pages 1-20, November.


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