IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Neighbourhood green space, social environment and mental health: an examination in four European cities

Listed author(s):
  • Annemarie Ruijsbroek


    (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM))

  • Sigrid M. Mohnen

    (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM))

  • Mariël Droomers

    (University of Amsterdam)

  • Hanneke Kruize

    (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM))

  • Christopher Gidlow

    (Staffordshire University)

  • Regina Gražulevičiene

    (Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas)

  • Sandra Andrusaityte

    (Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas)

  • Jolanda Maas

    (Vrije Universiteit (VU))

  • Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen

    (Barcelona Biomedical Research Park
    University Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    CIBER Epidemiology y Salud Publica (CIBERESP))

  • Margarita Triguero-Mas

    (Barcelona Biomedical Research Park
    University Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    CIBER Epidemiology y Salud Publica (CIBERESP))

  • Daniel Masterson

    (Staffordshire University)

  • Naomi Ellis

    (Staffordshire University)

  • Elise Kempen

    (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM))

  • Wim Hardyns

    (Ghent University
    University of Antwerp)

  • Karien Stronks

    (University of Amsterdam)

  • Peter P. Groenewegen

    (NIVEL (Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research)
    Utrecht University)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract Objectives This study examines the relationship between neighbourhood green space, the neighbourhood social environment (social cohesion, neighbourhood attachment, social contacts), and mental health in four European cities. Methods The PHENOTYPE study was carried out in 2013 in Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom), Doetinchem (The Netherlands), and Kaunas (Lithuania). 3771 adults living in 124 neighbourhoods answered questions on mental health, neighbourhood social environment, and amount and quality of green space. Additionally, audit data on neighbourhood green space were collected. Multilevel regression analyses examined the relation between neighbourhood green space and individual mental health and the influence of neighbourhood social environment. Results Mental health was only related to green (audit) in Barcelona. The amount and quality of neighbourhood green space (audit and perceived) were related to social cohesion in Doetinchem and Stoke-on-Trent and to neighbourhood attachment in Doetinchem. In all four cities, mental health was associated with social contacts. Conclusions Neighbourhood green was related to mental health only in Barcelona. Though neighbourhood green was related to social cohesion and attachment, the neighbourhood social environment seems not the underlying mechanism for this relationship.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Springer & Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) in its journal International Journal of Public Health.

    Volume (Year): 62 (2017)
    Issue (Month): 6 (July)
    Pages: 657-667

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:62:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s00038-017-0963-8
    DOI: 10.1007/s00038-017-0963-8
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Web page:

    Order Information: Web:

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. George C. Galster, 2008. "Quantifying the Effect of Neighbourhood on Individuals: Challenges, Alternative Approaches, and Promising Directions," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 128(1), pages 7-48.
    2. de Vries, Sjerp & van Dillen, Sonja M.E. & Groenewegen, Peter P. & Spreeuwenberg, Peter, 2013. "Streetscape greenery and health: Stress, social cohesion and physical activity as mediators," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 26-33.
    3. Francis, Jacinta & Wood, Lisa J. & Knuiman, Matthew & Giles-Corti, Billie, 2012. "Quality or quantity? Exploring the relationship between Public Open Space attributes and mental health in Perth, Western Australia," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 74(10), pages 1570-1577.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:62:y:2017:i:6:d:10.1007_s00038-017-0963-8. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla)

    or (Rebekah McClure)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.