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The influence of national culture on business organizations' commitment to environment sustainability in the European Union


  • Alexandra Cotae

    (Management and Economic Engineering Department, Faculty of Machine Building, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Center for Innovation and Organizational Sustainability, Romania , Multicultural Business Institute, Romania)

  • Laura Bacali

    (Management and Economic Engineering Department, Faculty of Machine Building, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania)


The current paper provides information on the way national culture with its specific characteristics influences business organizations across the European Union countries in their decisions to implement Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices, environmental sustainability initiatives and their eco-innovation performance. We reviewed an array of economy literature approaching the concepts of sustainable development, CSR, environmental performance, eco-innovation in relation to Geert Hofstede’s theory on culture and the six cultural dimensions. The paper offers an overview of the CSR practices and preferences around the world, with a focus on Corporate Environmental Responsibility, followed by a presentation of decision models of European SMEs in adopting circular economy practices correlated with the eco-innovation performance of the EU countries. While there is a certain link between the environmental performance of firms and the cultural background and economic development of their host country, we must address the specific social, political, economic, historic context of the country society in order to find the personalized solutions for the improvement of circular economy practices among its organizations.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandra Cotae & Laura Bacali, 2017. "The influence of national culture on business organizations' commitment to environment sustainability in the European Union," Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research, Pro Global Science Association, vol. 14(2), pages 19-29, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rse:wpaper:v:14:y:2017:i:2:p:19-29

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Suzuki, Kenji & Tanimoto, Kanji, 2005. "Corporate Social Responsibility In Japan: Analyzing The Participating Companies In Global Reporting Initiative," EIJS Working Paper Series 208, Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.
    2. Vanessa M Strike & Jijun Gao & Pratima Bansal, 2006. "Being good while being bad: social responsibility and the international diversification of US firms," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 37(6), pages 850-862, November.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:9:p:1507-:d:109563 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Adriana AnaMaria Davidescu & Andreea Maria Vass Paul & Rodica-Manuela Gogonea & Marian Zaharia, 2015. "Evaluating Romanian Eco-Innovation Performances in European Context," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(9), pages 1-35, September.
    5. Hoon Park & Clifford Russell & Junsoo Lee, 2007. "National culture and environmental sustainability: A cross-national analysis," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 31(1), pages 104-121, March.
    6. Gallego-Álvarez, Prof. Isabel & Ortas, Prof. Eduardo, 2017. "Corporate environmental sustainability reporting in the context of national cultures: A quantile regression approach," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 337-353.
    7. Naz Onel & Avinandan Mukherjee, 2014. "The effects of national culture and human development on environmental health," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 79-101, February.
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    More about this item


    sustainable development; circular economy; multiculturalism; environmental performance; Corporate Social Responsibility; enterprises.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility


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