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The Effects of Price Restrictions on Competition Between National and Local Firms


  • Patrick J. DeGraba


I present a game-theoretic model of competition between a national firm and local firms in which the introduction of most-favored-customer clauses into the sales contracts of the national firm decreases all industry prices. The reason is that the price restriction makes the national firm a weak price competitor in each local market. This produces a prisoners' dilemma situation in which each local firm has the unilateral incentive to be more aggressive in nonprice decisions. This increase in nonprice competition by all local firms causes prices to fall across the industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Patrick J. DeGraba, 1987. "The Effects of Price Restrictions on Competition Between National and Local Firms," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 18(3), pages 333-347, Autumn.
  • Handle: RePEc:rje:randje:v:18:y:1987:i:autumn:p:333-347

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Glenn C. Loury, 1979. "Market Structure and Innovation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 93(3), pages 395-410.
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    Cited by:

    1. Amarjyoti Mahanta, 2016. "Contemporaneous Most-Favoured-Customer Pricing Policy vs. Price Discrimination in a Differentiated Product Duopoly Market," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 36(1), pages 75-83.
    2. Ralph Braid, 2013. "The locations of firms on intersecting roadways," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(3), pages 791-808, June.
    3. Aguirre Pérez, Iñaki, 2011. "Multimarket Competition and Welfare Effects of Price discrimination," IKERLANAK 2011-55, Universidad del País Vasco - Departamento de Fundamentos del Análisis Económico I.
    4. Bourguignon, Helene & Ferrando, Jorge, 2007. "Skimming the other's cream: Competitive effects of an asymmetric universal service obligation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 761-790, August.
    5. Roman Inderst & Tommaso Valletti, 2009. "Price discrimination in input markets," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 40(1), pages 1-19.
    6. Noriaki Matsushima & Tomomichi Mizuno, 2007. "Why do large firms tend to integrate vertically? - asymmetric vertical integration reconsidered -," Discussion Papers 2007-34, Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration.

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