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Que reste-t-il de Keynes? Au moins la comptabilité nationale!

  • Klotz, Gérard

    (Centre Auguste et Léon Walras)

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    For modern economic thought, including authors who claim to share his legacy, the Keynesian vision of the economic system is given a rough handling. On the other hand, every year, national and international statistical offices publish their reports on national accounts. These publications are the result of a long historical process. It is now acknowledged that the first modern systems of national accounts (with their articulated sectorial accounts) are born at the beginning of the Second World War. In these publications – official or not – the name of Keynes is never mentioned. The aim of the paper is to assess the contribution of Keynes in this field. It clearly appears that, as far as the theoretical foundations and the practical problems of the national income and expenditures are concerned, Keynes’s ideas are still at work and are still much alive. Alors que, dans la pensée économique moderne, la vision keynésienne de l’économie est plus que malmenée, y compris par ceux et celles qui proclament s’inscrire dans son héritage, tous les ans les offices statistiques nationaux et internationaux publient leurs rapports sur les comptes de la nation. Ces publications sont le résultat d’un long processus historique. Comme chacun sait, les premiers systèmes de comptes modernes virent le jour au début de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Dans ces publications, qu’elles soient officielles ou non, le nom de Keynes n’apparaît pas. Dans cet article, on propose une évaluation de l’apport de Keynes. Il apparaît que, en ce qui concerne les fondements théoriques et les problèmes pratiques des comptes nationaux, la pensée de Keynes est toujours vivante.

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    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 79 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 1 (Mars-Juin)
    Pages: 221-238

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:79:y:2003:i:1:p:221-238
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    1. Flavio Comim, 2001. "Richard Stone and Measurement Criteria for National Accounts," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 33(5), pages 213-234, Supplemen.
    2. John W. Kendrick, 1970. "The Historical Development of National-Income Accounts," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 2(2), pages 284-315, Fall.
    3. Michel Herland, 1998. "Concilier liberté économique et justice sociale : Les solutions de Keynes," Cahiers d'Économie Politique, Programme National Persée, vol. 30(1), pages 281-310.
    4. Gérard Klotz, 1988. "Les nouvelles recherches comptables envisagées à partir de l'histoire de la comptabilité nationale française," Post-Print halshs-00706800, HAL.
    5. Peter Clarke, 1998. "The Keynesian Revolution and its Economic Consequences," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 1257, June.
    6. Judy L. Klein & Mary S. Morgan, 2001. "The Reader's Essential Non-Guide to The Age of Economic Measurement," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 33(5), Supplemen.
    7. Hicks, John, 1990. "The Unification of Macro-economics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 100(401), pages 528-38, June.
    8. Simon Kuznets, 1945. "National Product in Wartime," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number kuzn45-1, 07.
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