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Les modalités de la concurrence internationale et les performances des secteurs industriels français


  • Carré, Denis



In this article the effect of external trade on the performance of French industries is studied. Performance is characterized in terms of "efficiency variables". An enlarged model has been used to explain these efficiency variables in terms of different aspects of the competitive environment. This model is first tested at the level of the industries as a whole and then applied to different sub-sectors classified according to a technological criterion. The results clearly show the specificity of the technological characteristics and reveal a relationship between performance and the involvement in external trade. This relationship is positive within the fast-growing sector and negative within mature sectors. Cet article traite de l’effet de la concurrence internationale sur les performances des secteurs industriels français. La performance est ici définie en termes de variables d’efficacité. Celles-ci sont exprimées en termes de divers aspects de l’environnement concurrentiel à l’aide d’un modèle élargi. Ce modèle est d’abord appliqué à l’ensemble des secteurs industriels. Il est ensuite appliqué à des sous-secteurs classés en fonction de critères technologiques. Les résultats montrent clairement la spécificité des caractéristiques technologiques et l’existence d’une relation entre les performances et le degré d’engagement dans le commerce extérieur. Cette relation est positive pour les secteurs à forte croissance et négative pour les secteurs ayant atteint leur plein développement.

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  • Carré, Denis, 1985. "Les modalités de la concurrence internationale et les performances des secteurs industriels français," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 61(1), pages 51-72, mars.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:61:y:1985:i:1:p:51-72

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Turner, Philip P, 1980. "Import Competition and the Profitability of United Kingdom Manufacturing Industry," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(2), pages 155-166, December.
    2. Lustgarten, Steven H, 1975. "The Impact of Buyer Concentration in Manufacturing Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 57(2), pages 125-132, May.
    3. De Bandt, Jacques, 1977. "Optimal Use of Existing Technology versus New Technology," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(1), pages 69-80, September.
    4. Pugel, Thomas A, 1980. "Foreign Trade and US Market Performance," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(2), pages 119-129, December.
    5. Esposito, Louis & Esposito, Frances Ferguson, 1971. "Foreign Competition and Domestic Industry Profitability," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(4), pages 343-353, November.
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