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Efectos de las políticas ambientales sobre la competitividad


  • Ignasi Puig Ventosa

    () (ENT environment and management, España)

  • Jaume Freire González

    () (ENT environment and management, España)


Existe una gran controversia sobre los efectos de las políticas ambientales sobre la competitividad de las empresas y sobre las economías nacionales. A pesar de que, en general, hay instrumentos que, a corto plazo, producen costes sobre determinados sectores (los más contaminantes), los efectos a largo plazo sobre el conjunto de la economía son más complejos, y las propias políticas ambientales desatan diferentes mecanismos positivos para el sistema económico, tales como la innovación, un funcionamiento más eficiente de los mercados, la aparición de nuevas oportunidades o la mejora de la imagen de las empresas. Además, la no-adopción de políticas ambientales, desemboca en unos costes que a largo plazo se intuyen mayores que los propios costes de adopción, ya que entre ellos hay la degradación del medio ambiente y la sobreexplotación de los recursos naturales, sustentos básicos de cualquier forma de vida y por lo tanto, del mismo sistema económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Ignasi Puig Ventosa & Jaume Freire González, 2007. "Efectos de las políticas ambientales sobre la competitividad," Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica, vol. 6, pages 52-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev6_04

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Costanza, Robert & d'Arge, Ralph & de Groot, Rudolf & Farber, Stephen & Grasso, Monica & Hannon, Bruce & Limburg, Karin & Naeem, Shahid & O'Neill, Robert V. & Paruelo, Jose, 1998. "The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 3-15, April.
    2. Costanza, Robert, 1998. "The value of ecosystem services," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 1-2, April.
    3. Daly, Herman E., 1998. "The return of Lauderdale's paradox," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 21-23, April.
    4. Herendeen, Robert A., 1998. "Monetary-costing environmental services: nothing is lost, something is gained," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 29-30, April.
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