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Propuesta metodológica para la focalización de los programas sociales

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  • Valderrama, Jose
  • Pichihua, Juan

Abstract

Se propone una metodología de identificación individual de potenciales beneficiarios de programas sociales. La metodología tiene dos etapas. En la primera etapa, se estima un índice de bienestar siguiendo una práctica extendida en la literatura especializada: análisis de componentes principales con escalamiento óptimo. En la segunda etapa, se determinan los puntos de corte del índice estimado que permiten distinguir a los hogares que califican como potenciales beneficiarios. El cálculo de los umbrales es lo novedoso de este trabajo, y se basa en la minimización de una función que depende de los errores de focalización a los que se enfrenta cualquier programa social: infiltración y subcobertura. A manera de ilustración, utilizando datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 2007 se presentan estimaciones para Perú comparando los niveles de pobreza oficial con los estimados a partir de la metodología propuesta.

Suggested Citation

  • Valderrama, Jose & Pichihua, Juan, 2011. "Propuesta metodológica para la focalización de los programas sociales," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 21, pages 65-80.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-21-04
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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/21/ree-21-valderrama-pichihua.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Forrest Young, 1981. "Quantitative analysis of qualitative data," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 357-388, December.
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    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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