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Propuesta metodológica para la focalización de los programas sociales

  • Valderrama, Jose
  • Pichihua, Juan
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    Se propone una metodología de identificación individual de potenciales beneficiarios de programas sociales. La metodología tiene dos etapas. En la primera etapa, se estima un índice de bienestar siguiendo una práctica extendida en la literatura especializada: análisis de componentes principales con escalamiento óptimo. En la segunda etapa, se determinan los puntos de corte del índice estimado que permiten distinguir a los hogares que califican como potenciales beneficiarios. El cálculo de los umbrales es lo novedoso de este trabajo, y se basa en la minimización de una función que depende de los errores de focalización a los que se enfrenta cualquier programa social: infiltración y subcobertura. A manera de ilustración, utilizando datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 2007 se presentan estimaciones para Perú comparando los niveles de pobreza oficial con los estimados a partir de la metodología propuesta.

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    File URL: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe/docs/Publicaciones/Revista-Estudios-Economicos/21/ree-21-valderrama-pichihua.pdf
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    Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

    Volume (Year): (2011)
    Issue (Month): 21 ()
    Pages: 65-80

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    Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-21-04
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    1. Forrest Young, 1981. "Quantitative analysis of qualitative data," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 46(4), pages 357-388, December.
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