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Reziprozitaetsformen in psychologischen Vertraegen. Eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel von Auslandsentsandten (Forms of Reciprocity in Psychological Contracts. An Empirical Study of Expatriates)

Author

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  • Maike Andresen
  • Markus Goebel

Abstract

Die einschlaegige Forschung betrachtet psychologische Vertraege primaer aus einer individualistisch-rationalen Perspektive. Wie alle Vertraege so sind auch psychologische Vertraege jedoch in einen sozio-kulturellen Kontext eingebettet, welcher massgeblichen Einfluss auf die Handlungsmotive und Tauschprozesse der Akteure hat. Wir verfolgen daher mit unserer Forschung zwei Ziele. Zum einen moechten wir die soziokulturellen Bedingungen erforschen, die das (Tausch)-Verhalten in psychologischen Vertraegen beeinflussen, und zum anderen die Motive, die diesen Tauschprozessen zugrunde liegen. Im Rahmen einer qualitativen Studie erhoben wir mittels Interviews Daten von 54 deutschen Expatriates und analysierten diese auf Basis der Grounded Theory. Wir konnten herausarbeiten, dass psychologische Vertraege in einen komplexen soziokulturellen Kontext eingebettet sind. Mit Blick auf diesen soziokulturellen Kontext wird deutlich, dass neben den individualistischen Handlungskalkuelen auch moralische und prosoziale Handlungsmotive in psychologischen Vertraegen relevant sind. Auf der Basis dieser Ergebnisse generierten wir zwei dominante Reziprozitaetstypen, die utilitaristische Tauschreziprozitaet und die solidarische Gabenreziprozitaet, die den psychologischen Vertraegen der Expatriates zugrunde liegen.

Suggested Citation

  • Maike Andresen & Markus Goebel, 2009. "Reziprozitaetsformen in psychologischen Vertraegen. Eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel von Auslandsentsandten (Forms of Reciprocity in Psychological Contracts. An Empirical Study of Expatriates)," Zeitschrift fuer Personalforschung. German Journal of Research in Human Resource Management, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 23(4), pages 312-325.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:zfpers:doi_10.1688/1862-0000_zfp_2009_04_andersen
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    Keywords

    psychological contract; reciprocity; expatriation; grounded theory;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J80 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - General
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General

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