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Leading and Managing Organizational Change Initiatives


  • Claudia Peus

    () (LMU Center of Leadership and People Management, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Leopoldstr. 13, 80802 Munich, Germany)

  • Dieter Frey
  • Marit Gerkhardt
  • Peter Fischer
  • Eva Traut-Mattausch


Although indispensable for long-term economic growth, organizational changes are usually met with resistance. This article draws on psychological theories and empirical evidence to highlight why and under what conditions changes lead to resistance and what likely consequences of resistance are. Furthermore, the article discusses the variables that have been identified as success factors for organizational change initiatives. These include individual difference variables and objective characteristics of the changes, but in particular aspects of the implementation, such as fairness and trust, adequate communication strategies, leadership, and participation. Finally, conclusions summarizing the most important aspects that are beneficial to consider in managing organizational change initiatives are presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia Peus & Dieter Frey & Marit Gerkhardt & Peter Fischer & Eva Traut-Mattausch, 2009. "Leading and Managing Organizational Change Initiatives," management revue. Socio-economic Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 20(2), pages 158-175.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:mamere:1861-9908_mrev_2009_2_peus

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    Cited by:

    1. Suada Penava & Dzevad Sehic, 2014. "The Relevance Of Transformational Leadership In Shaping Employee Attitudes Towards Organisational Change," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 59(200), pages 131-162, January –.
    2. Mariana PREDI?CAN & Roxana Nadina ROIBAN, 2012. "Change Opportunity and its Importance for the Romanian SME`s," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 185-188.

    More about this item


    change management; resistance; success factors;

    JEL classification:

    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation


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