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The internationalization of Austrian firms in Central and Eastern Europe


  • Schien Ninan
  • Jonas F. Puck


We test and expand the Uppsala model with a sample of 109 Austrian companies active in the CEE region, representing 1,271 entries. On the one hand, our expansion of the model is based on collective learning of firms from a specific context, an issue largely neglected in IB research. On the other hand, we expand the model by including two further strategic, i.e. dependent, variables. The paper contributes to research by finding three distinct internationalization processes in CEE, two of them new to the Uppsala Model. Furthermore, the paper strongly supports our argumentation with regard to collective learning and thereby draws new conclusions on learning processes that take place within and between firms over time.

Suggested Citation

  • Schien Ninan & Jonas F. Puck, 2010. "The internationalization of Austrian firms in Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of East European Management Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 15(3), pages 237-259.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:joeems:doi_10.1688/1862-0019_jeems_2010_03_ninan

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    1. repec:spr:manint:v:53:y:2013:i:5:d:10.1007_s11575-013-0174-3 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Austrian companies; CEE region; internationalization processes;

    JEL classification:

    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • M10 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - General
    • N64 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: 1913-
    • P12 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Capitalist Enterprises
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions


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