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Der Staat als Arbeitgeber: Wie unterscheiden sich die Arbeitsbedingungen zwischen oeffentlichem Sektor und der Privatwirtschaft? (The State as an Employer: How Do Working Conditions Differ in the Public and Private Sector?)

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Ellguth
  • Susanne Kohaut

Abstract

In der empirischen Arbeitsmarktforschung spielt der Staat als Arbeitgeber bislang eine eher untergeordnete Rolle. Die Tatsache, dass die Geltung eines Tarifvertrags und die Existenz eines Betriebs- bzw. Personalrats integraler Bestandteil des oeffentlichen Dienstes sind, muss bei einem Vergleich der Arbeitsbedingungen zwischen oeffentlichem Sektor und Privatwirtschaft beruecksichtigt werden. Auf Basis des IAB-Betriebspanels werden deshalb zunaechst die hinsichtlich ihrer institutionellen Interessenvertretung vergleichbaren Betriebe/Dienststellen entlang verschiedener Aspekte der Qualitaet von Arbeit gegenuebergestellt. Unter Nutzung von Matching-Verfahren wird anschliessend noch ein Schritt weitergegangen, um vergleichbare Einheiten in oeffentlicher und privater Hand zu bilden. Die empirischen Ergebnisse verdeutlichen, dass der Staat trotz OEkonomisierungs- und Privatisierungstendenzen nach wie vor eher bessere Arbeitsbedingungen als die Privatwirtschaft bietet. Die zweigleisige Herangehensweise zeigt auch, dass der ‚blosse‘ Vergleich der Betriebe mit Tarifbindung und Betriebsrat durchaus belastbare Resultate liefert. (Empirical labour market research in Germany seldom focuses on the state as an employer. When analyzing working conditions across sectors, the almost complete coverage with collective agreements and works councils in the public sector has to be taken into account. Therefore, using the IAB Establishment Panel we compare different aspects of working conditions, but only for firms in both sectors that belong to the ‘core zone’ of industrial relations. Going one step further, a matching framework is used to obtain comparable units in the public and private sector. Our results show that the state as an employer still provides better working conditions than privately owned firms despite ongoing trends to implement market rules. In addition, our twofold empirical approach reveals that results derived from a mere comparison of firms with collective agreements and works councils do prove reliable.)

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Ellguth & Susanne Kohaut, 2011. "Der Staat als Arbeitgeber: Wie unterscheiden sich die Arbeitsbedingungen zwischen oeffentlichem Sektor und der Privatwirtschaft? (The State as an Employer: How Do Working Conditions Differ in the Publ," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 18(1-2), pages 11-38.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2011_01-02_ellguth
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    Keywords

    public sector; working conditions; collective agreements; works councils; matching;

    JEL classification:

    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • J50 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - General
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

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