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Localisation rurale des activités industrielles. Que nous enseigne l’économie géographique ?

  • Carl Gaigné


    (INRA,UMR1302,4 allée Bobierre, F-35000Rennes)

  • Florence Goffette-Nagot

    (Université de Lyon; CNRS, UMR 5824, GATE, Ecully, F-69130 ; ENS LSH,Lyon, F-69007, France)

L’objectif de ce papier est de mettre en évidence les résultats des nouvelles théories de la localisation qui sont susceptibles d’expliquer les localisations industrielles en zones rurales. Une revue orientée de la littérature récente d’économie géographique est présentée, dans laquelle sont mis en évidence les termes de l’arbitrage réalisé par les firmes entre une localisation urbaine et une localisation dans un espace à faible densité de population. Il convient de tenir compte du fait que coexistent deux grands types d’espaces dits ruraux : des zones rurales sous influence urbaine et des zones rurales autonomes. Dans le premier cas, ce sont essentiellement les mécanismes à l’œuvre sur les marchés fonciers qui agissent sur la localisation des activités non agricoles, alors que c’est au travers du fonctionnement des marchés locaux du travail que l’on peut appréhender l’industrialisation dans le cas des zones rurales hors influence urbaine.

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Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies.

Volume (Year): 87 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 101-130

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Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:87:y:2008:i:2:p:101-130
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