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Especializaciones reveladas y ventajas competitivas en el Bajio mexicano

Author

Listed:
  • Kurt Unger

    () (CIDE)

  • Rafael Garduño
  • Jose Eduardo Ibarra

Abstract

En este trabajo se caracteriza la competitividad economica de los municipios que integran el Bajio, destacando las actividades principales en cuanto a su aportacion al producto interno bruto y su grado de integracion o complementariedad. La unidad de analisis principal son los seis ejes carreteros que delimitan la concentracion espacial de la actividad economica del Bajio. Cada uno de ellos se asocia a una zona metropolitana notable siendo estas, por orden de importancia, Guadalajara, Queretaro, Leon, San Luis Potosi, Aguascalientes y Zacatecas. Los corredores mas dinamicos e importantes cuentan con una estructura productiva mas diversificada. Los otros dependen de pocas actividades que representan una mayor importancia local. A fin de cuentas, las capitales estatales son las que dominan el ritmo de la actividad economica. Los corredores mas competitivos tienen mayores niveles de integracion al interior de los municipios vecinos. Se trata de zonas metropolitanas (ZM) en las que se observan sectores tradicionales y otros de reciente arraigo. Esas entidades reunen mejores condiciones para crear externalidades beneficas entre los municipios contiguos y entre actividades un tanto diversas. En esencia, puede concluirse que la convergencia dentro del Bajio no se dara por transito en el tiempo. Por el contrario, las ganancias de productividad y la dinamica de las economias externas concentran las ventajas competitivas en los principales corredores del Bajio.

Suggested Citation

  • Kurt Unger & Rafael Garduño & Jose Eduardo Ibarra, 2014. "Especializaciones reveladas y ventajas competitivas en el Bajio mexicano," EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia., vol. 11(2), pages 41-74, Julio-Dic.
  • Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:11:y:2014:i:2:p:41-74
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Politica industrial; distribucion espacial de la actividad economica regional; estudios sectoriales.;

    JEL classification:

    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • L7 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction
    • L8 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services
    • L9 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities

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