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La France et l'Italie face à leur destin européen

  • Jacques Le Cacheux
  • Michel Aglietta

[eng] France and Italy facing their European Destiny Michel Aglietta and Jacques Le Cacheux Over the past few decades, the French and Italian economies have gone through disturbances that have, in many respects, been similar. The economic policies carried out on both sides of the Alps have, however, been at times divergent, leading in the 1980-1990s to strongly contrasting macroeconomic developments. In order to be included in the inner circle of European monetary union, both countries have had to undergo severe macroeconomic adjustment, with large consequences in terms of unemployment and of the factors of French and Italian producers' competitiveness. This article offers a parallel review of economic developments and policies in two of the founding members of the Common Market and of their respective paths to monetary union. JEL codes : NI, E6. [fre] Les économies française et italienne ont traversé, au cours des dernières décennies, des turbulences à bien des égards comparables. Les politiques économiques menées de part et d'autre des Alpes ont cependant résulté de choix parfois divergents, aboutissant, dans les années 1980-1990 à des évolutions macroéconomiques très contrastées. Pour faire partie du premier cercle de la monnaie unique européenne, les deux pays ont dû opérer des ajustements macroéconomiques de grande ampleur, qui ont eu d'importantes conséquences sur l'augmentation du chômage et sur les facteurs de la compétitivité des producteurs français et italiens. Cet article propose un bilan parallèle des évolutions économiques et des grandes orientations de politique économique de deux des membres fondateurs du Marché commun et des itinéraires qui les ont conduits jusqu'à l'Union monétaire.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 74 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 131-158

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_2000_num_74_1_1607
Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.2000.1607
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  1. Jacky Fayolle & Catherine Mathieu, 1998. "Les positions compétitives en Europe à la veille de l’Union monétaire," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1841, Sciences Po.
  2. Pierre Ralle & Dominique Guellec, 1989. "Croître plus sans augmenter le déficit commercial ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 217(1), pages 73-81.
  3. Jacques Le Cacheux & Hélène Harasty, 1994. "L'Italie : rigueur sans récession ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(1), pages 107-129.
  4. Jacky Fayolle & Catherine Mathieu, 1998. "Les positions compétitives en Europe à la veille de l’Union monétaire," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1841, Sciences Po.
  5. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1841 is not listed on IDEAS
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