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Existe-t-il un modèle européen de structure sociale ?

  • Louis Chauvel
  • Cellule de sociologie
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    [eng] Is there a common model of social structure in Europe? Louis Chauvel This paper evaluates the link between the professional structure and the inequalities in terms of education and income in Europe. The comparison reveals three models: the less developed European countries are the most unequal, with deep income and educational gaps between workers and qualified white collars ; at the opposite, the Germanic countries have a fuzzy social structure, where the hierarchies are weak and the link between the economic and the academic scales less consistent; the Latin countries are intermediate, with a hard link between education, type of job and income, even the income gap between the most and the least qualified is in the European average. JEL codes : 121,131 [fre] En Europe, le lien entre structure professionnelle et hiérarchies de scolarité et de revenu diffère d'un pays à l'autre. La comparaison met en évidence l'existence de trois modèles : les pays les moins avancés d'Europe sont aussi les plus inégaux, marqués qu'ils sont par un écart important entre les ouvriers et les qualifiés du tertiaire; à l'opposé, les pays germaniques connaissent une structure sociale plus floue, avec des hiérarchies peu marquées et des liens relativement faibles entre les échelles; les pays latins sont intermédiaires, caractérisés par un lien fort entre éducation, profession et revenu, même si l'écart de rémunération entre les plus et les moins qualifiés est dans la moyenne européenne.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ofce.1999.1562
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): 71 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 281-298

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1999_num_71_1_1562
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1999.1562
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ofce

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