IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/prs/rfreco/rfeco_0769-0479_2000_num_15_2_1489.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Moduler les cotisations employeurs à l'assurance-chômage : les expériences de bonus-malus aux Etats-Unis

Author

Listed:
  • David Margolis
  • Denis Fougère

Abstract

[fre] Notre article présente les résultats des études consacrées aux effets du système américain de modulation des cotisations patronales à l'assurance-chômage (experience rating) et quelques réflexions sur le cas de la France. Aux Etats-Unis, ces cotisations dépendent du nombre des licenciements effectués par l'entreprise au cours des années les plus récentes. Nous commençons par un rappel succinct de l'évolution historique du système d'assurance-chômage aux Etats-Unis, puis nous détaillons les trois modalités d'application de l'expérience rating. Notre article présente ensuite les modèles théoriques qui ont été utilisés pour analyser les effets de la modulation des cotisations patronales sur le niveau et les caractéristiques du chômage. Après avoir rappelé les résultats des études empiriques qui ont examiné les effets de la modulation des cotisations sur le chômage américain, nous soulignons les spécificités de la législation qui dans notre pays pourraient affecter le fonctionnement d'un tel système. Dans la dernière section, nous complétons cette première analyse par des informations statistiques provenant de données recueillies par l'INSEE au cours de la période 1995-1998. [eng] In this paper, we summarize the results of many studies concerning the policy of experience rating (the indexation of an employer's payroll tax rate to its past record of insured unemployment generation) in the United States, and present a few considerations relevant to the French case. We begin with a brief summary of the history of the policy, and then describe the three main methods by which it is implemented in the United States. We then discuss the theoretical models that have been used to analyze the impact of experience rating on unemployment. After describing the results of empirical analyses performed on American data, we highlight the specificities of the French legislation and labor market that could influence the manner in which such a policy would work in France. Finally, we use INSEE data from the labor force survey (Enquête Emploi) to provide an empirical framework for discussion of the French situation.

Suggested Citation

  • David Margolis & Denis Fougère, 2000. "Moduler les cotisations employeurs à l'assurance-chômage : les expériences de bonus-malus aux Etats-Unis," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 15(2), pages 3-76.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2000_num_15_2_1489
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2000.1489
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.2000.1489
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.persee.fr/doc/rfeco_0769-0479_2000_num_15_2_1489
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Friebel, Guido & Magnac, Thierry, 2007. "Public Servants: a Competitive Advantage for Public Firms?," IDEI Working Papers 495, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
    2. Olivier L'Haridon & Franck Malherbet, 2002. "Unemployment Compensation Finance and Aggregate Employment Fluctuations," Working Papers 2002-48, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    3. L'Haridon, Olivier & Malherbet, Franck, 2009. "Employment protection reform in search economies," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 255-273, April.
    4. Abowd, John M. & Kramarz, Francis & Margolis, David N. & Philippon, Thomas, 2000. "The Tail of Two Countries: Minimum Wages and Employment in France and the United States," IZA Discussion Papers 203, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2000_num_15_2_1489. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: https://www.persee.fr/collection/rfeco .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.